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Keywords:

  • microtubule;
  • tubulin modifications;
  • TTL;
  • motor;
  • post-translational modifications

Abstract

Cellular microtubules are marked by abundant and evolutionarily conserved post-translational modifications that have the potential to tune their functions. This review focuses on the astonishing chemical complexity introduced in the tubulin heterodimer at the post-translational level and summarizes the recent advances in identifying the enzymes responsible for these modifications and deciphering the consequences of tubulin's chemical diversity on the function of molecular motors and microtubule associated proteins. Published 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.