• biological activity;
  • GABA;
  • GAT;
  • inhibitors;
  • mGAT1–4


A series of GABA uptake inhibitors related to (S)-1-{2-[tris(4-methoxyphenyl)methoxy]ethyl}piperidine-3-carboxylic acid [(S)-SNAP-5114], the most potent mGAT4 inhibitor known so far, were synthesized and biologically evaluated for their inhibitory potency at the four GABA uptake transporters mGAT1–4 stably expressed in HEK-293 cell lines. New analogues were developed with potencies that are similar to or slightly higher than those of current mGAT4 inhibitors, but with distinctly improved chemical stability. (S)-Nipecotic acid derivatives possessing a 2-[1-(4-methoxy-2-methylphenyl)-1,1-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)methoxy]ethyl (DDPM-859) or a 4,4,4-tris(4-methoxyphenyl)but-2-en-1-yl moiety (DDPM-1457) were found to exhibit pIC50 values of 5.78 and 5.87, respectively. Thus, as mGAT4 inhibitors, these compounds compare well with (S)-SNAP-5114 (pIC50=5.71), but are far more stable than the latter. Moreover, DDPM-859 displays a more favorable subtype selectivity for mGAT4 versus mGAT3 than does (S)-SNAP-5114.