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Keywords:

  • DO3A-N-(α-amido)propionate chelators;
  • Gd[DO3A-N-(α-benzoylamido)propionate] chelate;
  • fast water exchange;
  • pH stability;
  • safety;
  • in vivo MRI

A novel synthetic methodology for preparing amide conjugates of the DO3A-N-(α-amino)propionate chelator is described, using the synthesis of the DO3A-N-(α-benzoylamido)propionate chelator as an illustrative example. The model Gd[DO3A-N-(α-benzoylamido)propionate] chelate displays accelerated water exchange, stability in a wide pH range and inertness towards transmetallation by Zn2+. The Gd[DO3A-N-(α-benzoylamido)propionate] complex is mainly excreted via the kidneys, producing a significant increase in the kidney medulla/cortex enhancement ratio in MR images of Wistar rats, reflecting probably its higher lipophilicity compared with Gd(DTPA). The results presented suggest that Gd[DO3A-N-(α-amido)propionate] chelates can be valuable leads for preparing potentially safe high relaxivity MRI contrast agents. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.