Survival differences among Asian subpopulations in the United States after prostate, colorectal, breast, and cervical carcinomas

Authors


  • A portion of the cancer incidence and survival data was collected by the Northern California Cancer Center under contract N01-CN-65107 with the National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, and with support of the California Cancer Registry, a project of the Cancer Surveillance Section, California Department of Health Services, under subcontract 050M-8701/8-S1522 with the Public Health Institute.

  • The content of this publication does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services or the California Department of Health Services, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations suggest endorsement by the U.S. Government or the State of California.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Information is limited for Asian subgroups regarding survival after diagnosis of the common cancers amenable to routine screening. The authors examined survival after carcinomas of the prostate, colon/rectum, breast, and cervix separately for Chinese, Japanese, Filipinos, and non-Hispanic whites in the United States.

METHODS

Using data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program, the authors compared the distributions of stage at diagnosis and computed 5-year cause specific survival probabilities, overall and by stage of disease, for cancer patients whose diagnosis was in 1988–1994 and who were observed through 1997.

RESULTS

Among males, Filipinos were more likely to be diagnosed with advanced stage colorectal and prostate carcinomas than other Asians and non-Hispanic whites; they also experienced worse survival after these cancers. This survival deficit occurred across all stages of colorectal carcinoma and remained apparent within distant stage prostate carcinoma. Among females, Chinese were less likely to receive diagnoses of early stage colorectal carcinoma than Japanese and Filipinas. In addition, their survival was consistently lower across more advanced stages of disease. Chinese also experienced somewhat worse survival after diagnosis of early stage cervical carcinoma. Japanese were more likely to be diagnosed with early stage carcinomas but also tended to experience better survival after prostate, colorectal, and breast carcinomas regardless of stage.

CONCLUSIONS

Chinese, Japanese, and Filipinos experienced unequal survival after these screenable carcinomas, indicating that certain groups may benefit from more aggressive screening efforts. The heterogeneity of cancer outcomes observed within the community classified as Asian reinforces the need for cancer statistics to be reported for disaggregated subgroups. Cancer 2002;94:1175–82. © 2002 American Cancer Society.

DOI 10.1002/cncr.10319

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