SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • type II alveolar pneumocytes;
  • immunohistochemistry;
  • point mutation;
  • polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The ras oncogene and the p53 tumor suppressor gene play important roles in the carcinogenic process of lung carcinoma. The authors evaluated whether alterations of the ras and p53 proteins may contribute to the development of lung carcinoma in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and whether such alterations may explain the high incidence of lung carcinoma among patients with IPF.

METHODS

Lung tissues were obtained from 35 patients who had IPF without complications of lung carcinoma and from 36 patients who had IPF with complications of lung carcinoma. Altered expression of ras and p53 proteins was evaluated by immunohistochemistry, and mutations of both genes were evaluated by polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism and sequencing analyses.

RESULTS

The frequency of expression of ras protein in type II alveolar pneumocytes was significantly greater in lung tissues from patients with IPF who had lung carcinoma compared with lung tissues from patients with IPF who did not have lung carcinoma (75% vs. 40%, respectively; P < 0.01). K-ras point mutation in codon 12 (GGT to GTT transversion) was detected in lung tissue with interstitial pneumonia, in which ras protein was overexpressed in type II alveolar pneumocytes obtained from 2 of 41 patients with IPF complicated by lung carcinoma, causing amino acid substitution (Gly to Val) in both patients. A p53 mutation was detected in three of six lung tissue samples from patients who had IPF lung with positive p53 immunoreactivity, and multiple mutations were detected in two samples.

CONCLUSIONS

Expression of ras protein in type II alveolar pneumocytes and mutation in the codon 12 of K-ras gene in lung tissue may contribute to the induction of lung carcinoma in patients with IPF. Furthermore, the presence of multiple mutations in the p53 gene may explain the high incidence lung carcinoma in patients with IPF. Cancer 2002;95:624–33. © 2002 American Cancer Society.

DOI 10.1002/cncr.10708