Antagonists of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GH-RH) can inhibit the proliferation of various tumors either indirectly through the suppression of the pituitary growth hormone/hepatic insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) axis and the lowering of serum IGF-I concentration or directly by reducing the levels of IGF-I and IGF-II and their mRNA expression in tumors and blocking the effect of autocrine GH-RH. In this study, the authors investigated the effects of the GH-RH antagonist JV-1-38 on MNNG/HOS human osteosarcoma and SK-ES-1 human Ewing sarcoma cell lines.
Male nude mice bearing subcutaneous xenografts of MNNG/HOS or SK-ES-1 tumors were treated subcutaneously with JV-1-38 at a dose of 20 μg twice daily for 4 weeks. The concentrations of IGF-I and IGF-II in serum and in tumor tissue were measured by radioimmunoassay. Tumor and liver levels of mRNA for IGF-I and IGF-II were determined by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis. The effects of JV-1-38, IGF-I, and IGF-II on cell proliferation in vitro were evaluated.
GH-RH antagonist significantly (P < 0.05) inhibited the tumor volume and tumor weight of MNNG/HOS and SK-ES-1 tumors by > 50% after 4 weeks and increased tumor doubling time. JV-1-38 lowered the serum IGF-I level, decreased the expression of mRNA for IGF-I in the liver, and significantly (P < 0.05–0.01) reduced the concentration of IGF-II and mRNA levels for IGF-II in both sarcomas. The concentration of IGF-I was lowered only in SK-ES-1 tumors. In vitro, the proliferation of SK-ES-1 and MNNG/HOS cells was inhibited by JV-1-38 and by antisera to IGF-I and IGF-II.
The inhibition of MNNG/HOS osteosarcoma and SK-ES-1 Ewing sarcoma by GH-RH antagonists was linked to a suppression of IGF-II production in tumors. However, in SK-ES-1 tumors, the effects on IGF-I also may be involved. Cancer 2002;95:1735–45. © 2002 American Cancer Society.