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Prognostic factors for patients with localized soft-tissue sarcoma treated with conservation surgery and radiation therapy
An analysis of 1225 patients
Version of Record online: 30 APR 2003
Copyright © 2003 American Cancer Society
Volume 97, Issue 10, pages 2530–2543, 15 May 2003
How to Cite
Zagars, G. K., Ballo, M. T., Pisters, P. W. T., Pollock, R. E., Patel, S. R., Benjamin, R. S. and Evans, H. L. (2003), Prognostic factors for patients with localized soft-tissue sarcoma treated with conservation surgery and radiation therapy. Cancer, 97: 2530–2543. doi: 10.1002/cncr.11365
- Issue online: 30 APR 2003
- Version of Record online: 30 APR 2003
- Manuscript Accepted: 28 JAN 2003
- Manuscript Revised: 21 JAN 2003
- Manuscript Received: 29 AUG 2002
- National Cancer Institute, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Grant Number: CA 06294
- radiation therapy;
- prognostic factors
Prognostic factors for patients with soft-tissue sarcoma who are treated with conservative surgery and radiation are documented poorly.
The clinicopathologic features and disease outcome for 1225 patients with localized sarcoma who were treated with conservative surgery and radiation were reviewed retrospectively. Actuarial univariate and multivariate statistical methods were used to determine significant prognostic factors for local control, metastatic recurrence, and disease specific survival.
The median follow-up of surviving patients was 9.5 years. The respective local control rates at 5 years, 10 years, and 15 years were 83%, 80%, and 79%. Factors predictive of local recurrence were positive or uncertain resection margins; tumors located in the head and neck and the deep trunk; presentation with local recurrence; patient age > 64 years; malignant fibrous histiocytoma, neurogenic sarcoma. or epithelioid sarcoma histopathology; tumor measuring > 10 cm in greatest dimension; and high pathologic grade. Freedom from metastasis at 5 years, 10 years, and 15 years was 71%, 68%, and 66%, respectively. Factors that were predictive of metastatic recurrence were high tumor grade; large tumor size (> 5 cm); and leiomyosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, synovial sarcoma, or epithelioid sarcoma. The respective disease specific survival rates at 5 years, 10 years, and 15 years were 73%, 68%, and 65%. Adverse factors for disease specific survival were high tumor grade; large tumor size (> 5 cm); tumors located in the head and neck and deep trunk; rhabdomyosarcoma, epithelioid sarcoma, or clear cell sarcoma; patient age > 64 years; and positive or uncertain resection margins.
Soft-tissue sarcoma comprises a heterogeneous group of diseases. Prognostic factors for local recurrence, metastatic recurrence, lymph node recurrence, disease free survival, and disease specific survival are different, and optimal treatment strategies need to take this complexity into account. Cancer 2003;10:2530–43. © 2003 American Cancer Society.