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Keywords:

  • colon carcinoma;
  • obesity;
  • body mass index;
  • adjuvant chemotherapy;
  • treatment-related toxicity

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Obesity is a risk factor for the development of colon carcinoma. The influence of body mass index (BMI) on long-term outcomes and treatment-related toxicity in patients with colon carcinoma has not been well characterized.

METHODS

This cohort study was conducted within a large, randomized adjuvant chemotherapy trial of 3759 men and women with high-risk, Stage II and Stage III colon carcinoma who were treated between 1988 and 1992 throughout the United States. With a median follow-up of 9.4 years, the authors examined the influence of BMI on disease recurrence, overall survival, and treatment-related toxicity.

RESULTS

Compared with women of normal weight (BMI, 21.0–24.9 kg/m2), obese women with colon carcinoma (BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m2) experienced significantly worse overall mortality (hazard ratio [HR], 1.34; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.07–1.67) and a nonsignificant increase in the risk of disease recurrence (HR, 1.24; 95% CI, 0.98–1.59). The influence of BMI among women was not related to any differences in chemotherapy dose-intensity across categories of BMI. In contrast, BMI was not related significantly to long-term outcomes among male patients in this cohort. Among all study participants, obese patients had significantly lower rates of Grade 3–4 leukopenia and lower rates of any Grade ≥ 3 toxicity compared with patients of normal weight.

CONCLUSIONS

Among women with Stage II–III colon carcinoma, obesity was associated with a significant increase in overall mortality as well as a borderline significant increase in disease recurrence. Nonetheless, obesity was not associated with any increase in chemotherapy-related toxicity. Cancer 2003;98:484–95. © 2003 American Cancer Society.

DOI 10.1002/cncr.11544