Fax: (011) 81 88 633 7144
Increased expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 is correlated with poor prognostic variables in patients with thymic epithelial tumors
Article first published online: 26 SEP 2003
Copyright © 2003 American Cancer Society
Volume 98, Issue 9, pages 1811–1821, 1 November 2003
How to Cite
Sogawa, K.-i., Kondo, K., Fujino, H., Takahashi, Y., Miyoshi, T., Sakiyama, S., Mukai, K. and Monden, Y. (2003), Increased expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 is correlated with poor prognostic variables in patients with thymic epithelial tumors. Cancer, 98: 1811–1821. doi: 10.1002/cncr.11725
- Issue published online: 22 OCT 2003
- Article first published online: 26 SEP 2003
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 JUL 2003
- Manuscript Revised: 22 JUL 2003
- Manuscript Received: 12 MAY 2003
- matrix metalloproteinase;
- tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase;
A distinction between noninvasive, invasive, and metastatic thymoma on the basis of the cytologic features is difficult. The current study investigated whether the expression of MMP and TIMP was correlated with tumor invasiveness and prognosis in patients with thymoma.
Tumor tissue samples were obtained from 42 patients with thymic epithelial tumors between 1974 and 2001 at Tokushima University Hospital. Three-micrometer-thick, formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections were immunostained using specific antibodies against MMP-2, MMP-9, TIMP-1, and TIMP-2.
MMP-2 expression was detected in 30 tumors (71%), and TIMP-2 expression was detected in 31 tumors (74%). MMP-9 expression was detected in 22 of 36 tumors (61%), and TIMP-1 expression was detected in only 7 tumors (19%). MMP-2 and TIMP-2 expression levels were very low (10% and 0%, respectively) in noninvasive tumors but were very high (91% and 97%, respectively) in invasive tumors. In thymic epithelial tumors, the more progressive the clinical stage of tumor, the higher the strongly positive rate of MMP-2 and TIMP-2 expression. There was no correlation between positivity for MMP-9 and stage. Twenty-five percent of Type AB thymomas and 50% of Type B1 thymomas expressed MMP-2 and TIMP-2. Most of Type A, Type B2, Type B3, and Type C thymomas expressed MMP-2 and TIMP-2. There were significant differences in disease-free survival at 5 years between patients without and with MMP-2 expression (91% vs. 55%, respectively) and patients without and with TIMP-2 expression (100% vs. 53%, respectively).
MMP-2 and TIMP-2 are key enzymes for invasiveness of thymic epithelial tumors. The expression of these proteins can predict a poor outcome in patients with thymoma. Cancer 2003. © 2003 American Cancer Society.