SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    SobinLH, WittekindCH, editors. TNM classification of malignant tumors (5th edition). New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1997.
  • 2
    Chen MC, Ford JM. Adjuvant therapy for colon cancer: management and current concepts. In: EdelsteinPS, editor. Colon and rectal cancer. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2000: 181224.
  • 3
    Wong JH, Severino R, Honnebier MB, Tom P, Namiki TS. Number of nodes examined and staging accuracy in colorectal carcinoma. J Clin Oncol. 1999; 17: 28962900.
  • 4
    Goldstein NS, Sanford W, Coffey M, Layfield LJ. Lymph node recovery from colorectal resection specimens removed for adenocarcinoma. Trends over time and a recommendation for a minimum number of lymph nodes to be recovered. Am J Clin Pathol. 1996; 106: 209216.
  • 5
    Hernanz F, Revuelta S, Redondo C, Madrazo C, Castillo J, Gomez-Fleitas M. Colorectal adenocarcinoma: quality of the assessment of lymph node metastases. Dis Colon Rectum. 1994; 37: 373376; discussion, 376–377.
  • 6
    Pocard M, Panis Y, Malassagne B, Nemeth J, Hautefeuille P, Valleur P. Assessing the effectiveness of mesorectal excision in rectal cancer: prognostic value of the number of lymph nodes found in resected specimens. Dis Colon Rectum. 1998; 41: 839845.
  • 7
    Prandi M, Lionetto R, Bini A, et al. Prognostic evaluation of Stage B colon cancer patients is improved by an adequate lymphadenectomy: results of a secondary analysis of a large scale adjuvant trial. Ann Surg. 2002; 235: 458463.
  • 8
    Law CH, Wright FC, Rapanos T, et al. Impact of lymph node retrieval and pathological ultra-staging on the prognosis of Stage II colon cancer. J Surg Oncol. 2003; 84: 120126.
  • 9
    Tepper JE, O'Connell MJ, Niedzwiecki D, et al. Impact of number of nodes retrieved on outcome in patients with rectal cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2001; 19: 157163.
  • 10
    Caplin S, Cerottini JP, Bosman FT, Constanda MT, Givel JC. For patients with Dukes' B (TNM Stage II) colorectal carcinoma, examination of six or fewer lymph nodes is related to poor prognosis. Cancer. 1998; 83: 666672.
  • 11
    Schrag D, Cramer LD, Bach PB, Cohen AM, Warren JL, Begg CB. Influence of hospital procedure volume on outcomes following surgery for colon cancer. JAMA. 2000; 284: 30283035.
  • 12
    Holm T, Johansson H, Cedermark B, Ekelund G, Rutqvist LE. Influence of hospital- and surgeon-related factors on outcome after treatment of rectal cancer with or without preoperative radiotherapy. Br J Surg. 1997; 84: 657663.
  • 13
    Porter GA, Soskolne CL, Yakimets WW, Newman SC. Surgeon-related factors and outcome in rectal cancer. Ann Surg. 1998; 227: 157167.
  • 14
    Martling A, Cedermark B, Johansson H, Rutqvist LE, Holm T. The surgeon as a prognostic factor after the introduction of total mesorectal excision in the treatment of rectal cancer. Br J Surg. 2002; 89: 10081013.
  • 15
    Parry JM, Collins S, Mathers J, Scott NA, Woodman CB. Influence of volume of work on the outcome of treatment for patients with colorectal cancer. Br J Surg. 1999; 86: 475481.
  • 16
    Ries LA, Eisner MP, Kosary CL, et al. SEER cancer statistics review, 1975-2000 [monograph online]. Available from URL: http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2000[accessed July 2004].
  • 17
    Feinstein AR, Sosin DM, Wells CK. The Will Rogers phenomenon. Stage migration and new diagnostic techniques as a source of misleading statistics for survival in cancer. N Engl J Med. 1985; 312: 16041608.
  • 18
    Mandelblatt J, Andrews H, Kao R, Wallace R, Kerner J. The late-stage diagnosis of colorectal cancer: demographic and socioeconomic factors. Am J Public Health. 1996; 86: 17941797.
  • 19
    Cheng X, Chen VW, Steele B, et al. Subsite-specific incidence rate and stage of disease in colorectal cancer by race, gender, and age group in the United States, 1992-1997. Cancer. 2001; 92: 25472554.
  • 20
    Campbell RJ, Ferrante JM, Gonzalez EC, Roetzheim RG, Pal N, Herold A. Predictors of advanced stage colorectal cancer diagnosis: results of a population-based study. Cancer Detect Prev. 2001; 25: 430438.
  • 21
    Rosen L, Stasik JJ Jr., Reed JF III, Olenwine JA, Aronoff JS, Sherman D. Variations in colon and rectal surgical mortality. Comparison of specialties with a state-legislated database. Dis Colon Rectum. 1996; 39: 129135.
  • 22
    Harmon JW, Tang DG, Gordon TA, et al. Hospital volume can serve as a surrogate for surgeon volume for achieving excellent outcomes in colorectal resection. Ann Surg. 1999; 230: 404411; discussion, 411–413.