Stereotactic hypofractionated high-dose irradiation for stage I nonsmall cell lung carcinoma

Clinical outcomes in 245 subjects in a Japanese multiinstitutional study


  • Presented at the 45th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Therapeutic Radiation Oncology (ASTRO), Salt Lake City, Utah, October 20–23, 2003.



Stereotactic irradiation (STI) has been actively performed using various methods to achieve better local control of Stage I nonsmall cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) in Japan. The authors retrospectively evaluated results from a Japanese multiinstitutional study.


Patients with Stage I NSCLC (n = 245; median age, 76 years; T1N0M0, n=155; T2N0M0, n=90) were treated with hypofractionated high-dose STI in 13 institutions. Stereotactic three-dimensional treatment was performed using noncoplanar dynamic arcs or multiple static ports. A total dose of 18–75 gray (Gy) at the isocenter was administered in 1–22 fractions. The median calculated biologic effective dose (BED) was 108 Gy (range, 57–180 Gy).


During follow-up (median, 24 months; range, 7–78 months), pulmonary complications of National Cancer Institute-Common Toxicity Criteria Grade > 2 were observed in only 6 patients (2.4%). Local progression occurred in 33 patients (14.5%), and the local recurrence rate was 8.1% for BED ≥ 100 Gy compared with 26.4% for < 100 Gy (P < 0.05). The 3-year overall survival rate of medically operable patients was 88.4% for BED ≥ 100 Gy compared with 69.4% for < 100 Gy (P < 0.05).


Hypofractionated high-dose STI with BED < 150 Gy was feasible and beneficial for curative treatment of patients with Stage I NSCLC. For all treatment methods and schedules, local control and survival rates were better with BED ≥ 100 Gy compared with < 100 Gy. Survival rates in selected patients (medically operable, BED ≥ 100 Gy) were excellent, and were potentially comparable to those of surgery. Cancer 2004. © 2004 American Cancer Society.