• 1
    Curt GA, Breitbart W, Cella D, et al. Impact of cancer-related fatigue on the lives of patients: new findings from the Fatigue Coalition. Oncologist. 2000; 5: 353360.
  • 2
    Curt G, Johnston PG. Cancer fatigue: the way forward. Oncologist. 2003; 8(Suppl. 1): 2730.
  • 3
    Richardson A. Fatigue in cancer patients: a review of the literature. Eur J Cancer Care (Engl). 1995; 4: 2032.
  • 4
    Vogelzang NJ, Breitbart W, Cella D, et al. Patient, caregiver, and oncologist perceptions of cancer-related fatigue: results of a tripart assessment survey. The Fatigue Coalition. Semin Hematol. 1997; 34: 412.
  • 5
    Flechtner H, Bottomley A. Fatigue and quality of life: lessons from the real world. Oncologist. 2003; 8(Suppl. 1): 59.
  • 6
    Langeveld NE, Grootenhuis MA, Voute PA, de Haan RJ, van den Bos C. No excess fatigue in young adult survivors of childhood cancer. Eur J Cancer. 2003; 39: 204214.
  • 7
    Winningham ML. Strategies for managing cancer-related fatigue syndrome: a rehabilitation approach. Cancer. 2001; 92: 988997.
  • 8
    Mock V, Atkinson A, Barsevick A, et al., Panel. NCCN practice guidelines for cancer-related fatigue (Version 1.2003). J Natl Comp Cancer Network. 2003; 1: 308331.
  • 9
    Cella D, Davis K, Breitbart W, Curt G, Fatigue Coalition. Cancer-related fatigue: prevalence of proposed diagnostic criteria in a United States sample of cancer survivors. J Clin Oncol. 2001; 19: 33853391.
  • 10
    Portenoy RK, Itri LM. Cancer-related fatigue: guidelines for evaluation and management. Oncologist. 1999; 4: 110.
  • 11
    Sadler IJ, Jacobsen PB, Booth-Jones M, Belanger H, Weitzner MA, Fields KK. Preliminary evaluation of a clinical syndrome approach to assessing cancer-related fatigue. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2002; 23: 406416.
  • 12
    Bender C, Kramer P, Miaskowski C. New direction in the management of cancer-related cognitive impairment, fatigue, and pain. Pittsburgh: Oncology Nursing Society, 2002.
  • 13
    Patrick DL, Ferketich SL, Frame PS, et al. National Institutes of Health state-of-the-science conference statement: symptom management in cancer: pain, depression, and fatigue, July 15-17, 2002. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2003; 95: 11101117.
  • 14
    Wu HS, McSweeney M. Measurement of fatigue in people with cancer. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2001; 28: 13711384.
  • 15
    Wu HS, McSweeney M. The assessment and measurement of fatigue in people with cancer. In: ArmesJ, KrishnasamyM, HigginsonI, editors. Fatigue in cancer. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. 2004: 193221.
  • 16
    Varricchio C. Measurement and assessment: what are the issues? In: WinninghamML, Barton-BurkeM, editors. Fatigue in cancer: a multidimensional approach. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2000: 5568.
  • 17
    Messias DKH, Yeager KA, Dibble SL, Dodd MJ. Patients' perspectives of fatigue while undergoing chemotherapy. Oncol Nurs Forum. 1997; 24: 4348.
  • 18
    Holley S. Cancer-related fatigue. Suffering a different fatigue. Cancer Pract. 2000; 8: 8795.
  • 19
    Glaus A, Crow R, Hammond S. A qualitative study to explore the concept of fatigue/tiredness in cancer patients and in healthy individuals. Eur J Cancer Care (Engl). 1996; 5: 823.
  • 20
    Ream E, Richardson A. Fatigue in patients with cancer and chronic obstruction airways disease: a phenomenological enquiry. Int J Nurs Stud. 1997; 34: 4453.
  • 21
    Knowles G, Borthwick D, McNamara S, Miller M, Leggot L. Survey of nurses' assessment of cancer-related fatigue. Eur J Cancer Care (Engl). 2000; 9: 105113.
  • 22
    Newell S, Sanson-Fisher RW, Girgis A, Bonaventura A. How well do medical oncologists' perceptions reflect their patients' reported physical and psychosocial problems? Data from a survey of five oncologists. Cancer. 1998; 83: 16401651.
  • 23
    Schwartz AL. The Schwartz Cancer Fatigue Scale: testing reliability and validity. Oncol Nurs Forum. 1998; 25: 711717.
  • 24
    Velikova G, Wright P, Smith AB, et al. Self-reported quality of life of individual cancer patients: concordance of results with disease course and medical records. J Clin Oncol. 2001; 19: 20642073.
  • 25
    Holley SK. Evaluating patient distress from cancer-related fatigue: an instrument development study. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2000; 27: 14251431.
  • 26
    Okuyama T, Akechi T, Kugaya A, et al. Development and validation of the Cancer Fatigue Scale: a brief, three-dimensional, self-rating scale for assessment of fatigue in cancer patients. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2000; 19: 514.
  • 27
    Yellen SB, Cella DF, Webster K, Blendowski C, Kaplan E. Measuring fatigue and other anemia-related symptoms with the functional assessment of cancer therapy (FACT) measurement system. J Pain Symptom Manage. 1997; 13: 6374.
  • 28
    Passik SD, Kirsh KL, Donaghy K, et al. Patient-related barriers to fatigue communication: initial validation of the fatigue management barriers questionnaire. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2002; 24: 481493.
  • 29
    Stein KD, Martin SC, Hann DM, Jacobsen PB. A multidimensional measure of fatigue for use with cancer patients. Cancer Pract. 1998; 6: 143152.
  • 30
    Rhoten D. Fatigue and the post-surgical patient. In: NorrisC, editor. Concept clarification in nursing. Rockville, MD: Aspen Publishers, 1982: 277300.
  • 31
    Glaus A. Assessment of fatigue in cancer and non-cancer patients and in healthy individuals. Support Care Cancer. 1993; 1: 305315.
  • 32
    Schwartz A, Meek P. Additional construct validity of the Schwartz Cancer Fatigue Scale. J Nurs Meas. 1999; 7: 3545.
  • 33
    Mendoza TR, Wang XS, Cleeland CS, et al. The rapid assessment of fatigue severity in cancer patients: use of the Brief Fatigue Inventory. Cancer. 1999; 85: 11861196.
  • 34
    Piper BF, Dibble SL, Dodd MJ, Weiss MC, Slaughter RE, Paul SM. The revised Piper Fatigue Scale: psychometric evaluation in women with breast cancer. Oncol Nurs Forum. 1998; 25: 677684.
  • 35
    Irvine D, Vincent L, Graydon JE, Bubela N, Thompson L. The prevalence and correlates of fatigue in patients receiving treatment with chemotherapy and radiotherapy: a comparison with the fatigue experienced by healthy individuals. Cancer Nurs. 1994; 17: 367378.
  • 36
    Pearce S, Richardson A. Fatigue in cancer: a phenomenological perspective. Eur J Cancer Care (Engl). 1996; 5: 111115.
  • 37
    Schwartz AL, Nail LM, Chen S, et al. Fatigue patterns observed in patients receiving chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Cancer Invest. 2000; 18: 1119.
  • 38
    Richardson A. The pattern of fatigue in patients receiving chemotherapy. In: RichardsonA, Wilson-BarnettJ, editors. Nursing research in cancer care. London: Scutari Press, 1995: 225245.
  • 39
    McNair D, Lorr M, Droppleman L. Profile of Mood States manual. San Diego: Education and Industrial Testing Service, 1992.
  • 40
    Cleeland C, Mendoza T, Wang XS, et al. Assessing symptom distress in cancer patients: The M. D. Anderson Symptom Inventory. Cancer. 2000; 89: 16341646.
  • 41
    Kirsh KL, Passik S, Holtsclaw E, Donaghy K, Theobald D. I get tired for no reason: a single item screening for cancer-related fatigue. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2001; 22: 931937.
  • 42
    Aaronson NK, Ahmedzai S, Bergman B, et al. The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C30: a quality-of-life instrument for use in international clinical trials in oncology. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1993; 85: 365376.
  • 43
    Hann DM, Jacobsen PB, Azzarello LM, et al. Measurement of fatigue in cancer patients: development and validation of the Fatigue Symptom Inventory. Qual Life Res. 1998; 7: 301310.
  • 44
    Ware JE Jr., Snow K, Kosinski M, Gandek B. SF-36 health survey: manual and interpretation guide. Boston: The Health Institute, New England Medical Center, 1993.
  • 45
    Fleury J. Preserving qualitative meaning in instrument development. J Nurs Meas. 1993; 1: 135144.
  • 46
    Berg B. Qualitative research methods for the social sciences. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1998.
  • 47
    Lynn MR. Determination and quantification of content validity. Nurs Res. 1986; 35: 382385.
  • 48
    Grant J, Davis L. Focus on quantitative methods: selection and use of content experts for instrument development. Res Nurs Health. 1997; 20: 269274.
  • 49
    Haynes S, Richard D, Kubany E. Content validity in psychological assessment: a functional approach to concepts and methods. Psychol Assess. 1995; 7: 238247.
  • 50
    Pickard-Holley S. Fatigue in cancer patients: a descriptive study. Cancer Nurs. 1991; 14: 1319.
  • 51
    Rieger PT. Assessment and epidemiologic issues related to fatigue. Cancer. 2001; 92: 17331736.
  • 52
    Schaeffer N. Questions for interviewer-administered surveys: an instruction. Ann Arbor ISR Summer Institute, University of Michigan, 2002.
  • 53
    Curt GA. The impact of fatigue on patients with cancer: overview of FATIGUE 1 and 2. Oncologist. 2000; 5(Suppl. 2): 912.
  • 54
    DeVellis R. Scale development: theory and applications. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1991.
  • 55
    Fowler F. Improving survey questions: design and evaluation. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1995.
  • 56
    Jobe JB, Mingay DJ. Cognitive research improves questionnaires. Am J Public Health. 1989; 79: 10531055.
  • 57
    Tourangeau R, Rips L, Rasinski K. The psychology of survey response. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
  • 58
    Oishi S. How to conduct in-person interviews for surveys. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2003.
  • 59
    Sudman S, Bradburn N. Asking questions. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1982.
  • 60
    Yesavage JA, Brink TL, Rose TL, et al. Development and validation of a geriatric depression screening scale: a preliminary report. J Psychiatr Res. 1982; 17: 3749.
  • 61
    Visser MR, Smets EM. Fatigue, depression and quality of life in cancer patients: how are they related? Support Care Cancer. 1998; 6: 101108.
  • 62
    Nunnally J, Bernstein H. Psychometric theory. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1994.
  • 63
    Tabachnick BG, Fidell LS. Using multivariate statistics. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 2001.
  • 64
    Reise SP, Waller NG, Comrey AL. Factor analysis and scale revision. Psychol Assess. 2000; 12: 287297.
  • 65
    Hair JF, Anderson RE, Tatham RL, Black WC. Multivariate data analysis. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1998.
  • 66
    Knapp TR, Brown JK. Ten measurement commandments that often should be broken. Res Nurs Health. 1995; 18: 465469.
  • 67
    Stone P. The measurement, causes and effective management of cancer-related fatigue. Int J Palliat Nurs. 2002; 8: 120128.
  • 68
    Weinrich SP, Boyd MD, Powe BD. Tool adaptation for socioeconomically disadvantaged populations. In: Frank-StromborgM, OlsenSJ, editors. Instruments for clinical health-care research. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 1997: 2030.
  • 69
    Smets EM, Garssen B, Bonke B, De Haes JC. The Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI) psychometric qualities of an instrument to assess fatigue. J Psychosom Res. 1995; 39: 315325.
  • 70
    Piper BF, Lindsey AM, Dodd MJ. The development of an instrument to measure the subjective dimension of fatigue. In: FunkS, TornquistE, ChampagneM, editors. Key aspects of comfort: management of pain, fatigue, and nausea. New York: Springer, 1989: 199208.