SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Ministerio de Salud (República de Colombia). Mortalidad y años de vida ajustados por discapacidad como medidas de la carga de enfermedad Colombia 1985-1995 [Mortality and DALY's as a measure of burden of disease, Columbia 1985–1995]. Santafé de Bogotá: Imprenta Nacional, 1999.
  • 2
    Ministerio de Salud (República de Colombia). La carga de la enfermedad en Colombia. [Burden of disease in Columbia]. Bogotá: Editorial Carrera Séptima, 1994.
  • 3
    Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (Colombia). Censo 93 Resumen Nacional [Population and housing census 1993. National abstract]. Santa fé de Bogota: Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística, 1993.
  • 4
    Pabón A. La mortalidad en Colombia 1953-1991. [Mortality in Columbia 1953–1991]. Santafé de Bogotá: Instituto Nacional de Salud, 1993.
  • 5
    Organización Panamericana de la Salud. Clasificación estadística internacional de enfermedades y problemas relacionadas con la salud, décima revisión. [International classification of diseases, ninth revision]. Publicación Científica. Volume 554. Washington, DC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1995.
  • 6
    Segi M. Cancer mortality for selected sites in 24 countries (1950-1957). Tohoku, Japan: Tohoku University of Medicine, 1960.
  • 7
    Stata Corporation. Intercooled Stata for Windows 98/95/NT. 7th edition. College Station, TX: Stata Corporation, 2002.
  • 8
    International Agency for Researchon Cancer. Cancer mondial: worldwide cancer mortality statistics. Lyon: IARC, 2002. Available from URL: http://www-depdb.iarc.fr/who/menu.htm [accessed February 2003].
  • 9
    Swerdlow AJ, dos Santos Silva I, Reid A, Qiao Z, Brewster DH, Arrundale J. Trends in cancer incidence and mortality in Scotland: description and possible explanations. Br J Cancer. 1998; 77 (Suppl. 3): 116.
  • 10
    Lambert R, Guilloux A, Oshima A, et al. Incidence and mortality from stomach cancer in Japan, Slovenia and the USA. Int J Cancer. 2002; 97: 811818.
  • 11
    Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (Colombia). Boletín especial: encuesta de calidad de vida 1997. Boletín de estadística. Bogotá: DANE, 1998.
  • 12
    Food and Agriculture Organization. Food balance sheets, FAOSTAT 2002. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization: Available from URL: www.fao.org/faostat [accessed February 2003].
  • 13
    Parkin DM, Pisani P, Muñoz N, Ferlay J. The global health burden of infection associated cancers. Cancer Surv. 1999b; 33: 533.
  • 14
    Goodman KJ, Correa P, Tengana Aux HJ, et al. Helicobacter pylori infection in the Colombian Andes: a population-based study of transmission pathways. Am J Epidemiol. 1996; 144: 290299.
  • 15
    Roosendaal R, Kuipers EJ, Buitenwerf J, et al. Helicobacter pylori and the birth cohort effect: evidence of a continuous decrease of infection rates in childhood. Am J Gastroenterol. 1997; 92: 14801482.
  • 16
    Parkin DM, Chen V, Ferlay J, Galceran J, Storm HH, Whelan S. Comparability and quality control in cancer registration. No.19. Lyon: IARC, 1994.
  • 17
    Parkin DM, Bray FI, Devesa SS. Cancer burden in the year 2000. The global picture. Eur J Cancer. 2001; 37: S4S66.
  • 18
    Parkin DM, Whelan SL, Ferlay J, Raymond L, Young J. Cancer incidence in five continents, volume VII. IARC Sci Pub No. 143. Lyon: IARC, 1997.
  • 19
    Bonneux L, Barendregt JJ, Looman CW, van der Maas PJ. Diverging trends in colorectal cancer morbidity and mortality. Earlier diagnosis comes at a price. Eur J Cancer. 1995; A (10): 16651671.
  • 20
    Munoz SE, Chatenoud L, La Vecchia C, Negri E, Levi F. Trends in cancer mortality in Argentina, 1966-91. Eur J Cancer Prev. 1998; 7: 3744.
  • 21
    Chu KC, Tarone RE, Chow WH, Hankey BF, Ries LA. Temporal patterns in colorectal cancer incidence, survival, and mortality from 1950 through 1990. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1994; 86: 9971006.
  • 22
    Cress RD, Morris CR, Wolfe BM. Cancer of the colon and rectum in California: trends in incidence by race/ethnicity, stage, and subsite. Prev Med. 2000; 31: 447453.
  • 23
    Hsing AW, McLaughlin JK, Chow WH, et al. Risk factors for colorectal cancer in a prospective study among U.S. white men. Int J Cancer. 1998; 77: 549553.
  • 24
    McMichael AJ, Giles GG. Colorectal cancer. Cancer Surv. 1994; 19-20: 7798.
  • 25
    Fernandez E, Bosetti C, La Vecchia C, Levi F, Fioretti F, Negri E. Sex differences in colorectal cancer mortality in Europe, 1955-1996. Eur J Cancer Prev. 2000; 9: 99104.
  • 26
    Fernandez E, La Vecchia C, D'Avanzo B, Franceschi S, Negri E, Parazzini F. Oral contraceptives, hormone replacement therapy and the risk of colorectal cancer. Br J Cancer. 1996; 73: 14311435.
  • 27
    Grodstein F, Newcomb PA, Stampfer MJ. Postmenopausal hormone therapy and the risk of colorectal cancer: a review and meta-analysis. Am J Med. 1999; 106: 574582.
  • 28
    Wingo PA, Cardinez CJ, Landis SH, et al. Long-term trends in cancer mortality in the United States, 1930-1998. Cancer. 2003; 97 (12 Suppl.): 31333275.
  • 29
    Ministerio de Salud (República de Colombia). III Estudio nacional de salud Bucal II estudio nacional de Factores de riesgo de Enfermedades Crónicas. [Third national oral health study and II national study of risk factors for chronic diseases]. Volume II. Bogotá: Ministerio de Salud (República de Colombia), 1999.
  • 30
    Rodríguez E, Ronderos M. El hábito de fumar en Colombia 1977-1980. [Smoking habits in Columbia 1977–1980]. Bogotá: Editorial Gente Nueva, 1988.
  • 31
    Coleman MP, Esteve J, Damiecki P, Arslan A, Renard H. Trends in cancer incidence and mortality. IARC Scientific Pub. No. 121. Lyon: IARC, 1993.
  • 32
    da Costa e Silva VL, Koifman S. Smoking in Latin America: a major public health problem. Cad Saude Publica. 1998; 14 (Suppl. 3): 99108.
  • 33
    Seow A, Duffy SW, Ng TP, McGee MA, Lee HP. Lung cancer among Chinese females in Singapore 1968-1992: time trends, dialect group differences and implications for aetiology. Int J Epidemiol. 1998; 27: 167172.
  • 34
    Gao YT, Blot WJ, Zheng W, et al. Lung cancer among Chinese women. Int J Cancer. 1987; 40: 604609.
  • 35
    Bovenzi M, Stanta G, Antiga GL, Peruzzo P, Cavallieri F. Occupation and lung cancer risk in the province of Trieste: a case-control study. Med Lav. 1992; 83: 338348.
  • 36
    Magnus KEA, Green BM, Haldorsen T, Muirhead CR, Strand T. Residential radon exposure and lung cancer—an epidemiological study of Norwegian municipalities. Int J Cancer. 1994; 58: 17.
  • 37
    Radford E. Potential health effects of indoor radon exposure. Environ Health Perspect. 1985; 62: 281287.
  • 38
    Pisani P, Parkin DM, Bray F, Ferlay J. Estimates of the worldwide mortality from 25 cancers in 1990. Int J Cancer. 1999; 83: 1829.
  • 39
    Instituto Nacional de Cancerología (Colombia). Manual de normas técnicas y procedimientos para la toma de citologías. [Manual of technical norms and procedures for the cytological smear]. Documento técnico.1991-1992. Bogotá: Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, 1992.
  • 40
    Robles SC, White F, Peruga A. Trends in cervical cancer mortality in the Americas. Bull Pan Am Health Org. 1996; 30: 290301.
  • 41
    Feuer EJ, Merrill RM, Hankey BF. Cancer surveillance series: interpreting trends in prostate cancer—part II: cause of death misclassification and the recent rise and fall in prostate cancer mortality. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1999; 91: 10251032.
  • 42
    Chu KC, Tarone RE, Freeman HP. Trends in prostate cancer mortality among black men and white men in the United States. Cancer. 2003; 97: 15071516.
  • 43
    Hoel DG, Ron E, Carter R, Mabuchi K. Influence of death certificate errors on cancer mortality trends. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1993; 85: 10631068.
  • 44
    Percy C, Dolman A. Comparison of the coding of death certificates related to cancer in seven countries. Public Health Rep. 1978; 93: 335350.
  • 45
    Percy C, Muir C. The international comparability of cancer mortality data. Results of an international death certificate study. Am J Epidemiol. 1989; 129: 934946.
  • 46
    Hoel DG, Ron E, Carter R, Mabuchi K. Influence of death certificate errors on cancer mortality trends. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1993; 85: 10631068.
  • 47
    Levi F, Lucchini F, Negri E, Franceschi S, la Vecchia C. Cervical cancer mortality in young women in Europe: patterns and trends. Eur J Cancer. 2000; 36: 22662271.
  • 48
    Ji BT, Devesa SS, Chow WH, Jin F, Gao YT. Colorectal cancer incidence by subsite in urban Shanghai, 1972-1994. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1998; 7: 661666.
  • 49
    Troisi RJ, Freedman AN, Devesa SS. Incidence of colorectal carcinoma in the U.S.: an update of trends by gender, race, age, subsite, and stage, 1975-1994. Cancer. 1999; 85: 16701676.
  • 50
    Puffer RR, Griffith GW. Patterns of urban mortalityPan American Health Organization/World Health Organization. Scientific Pub. No. 151. Washington, DC: PAHO/WHO, 1968.