Carboplatin-based regimens have demonstrated activity in unresectable low-grade glioma (LGG) in children. Despite an interesting toxicity profile, the use of these regimens has been limited by the development of carboplatin hypersensitivity reaction (HSR) in up to 30% of patients. Desensitization has been the recommended approach for HSR. However, no guidelines have existed to aid physicians when carboplatin desensitization techniques fail.
A pilot study of monotherapy with weekly vinblastine for LGG in 9 children who developed carboplatin HSR on a carboplatin and vincristine regimen was performed.
Vinblastine toxicity was moderate and readily manageable. None of the 9 patients had disease progression on therapy. Magnetic resonance imaging evaluation of tumor size from diagnosis to the end of vinblastine treatment showed 1 complete response (CR), 1 partial response (PR), 5 objective effects (OE), and 2 stable diseases (SD).
This experience suggested that weekly vinblastine has a good efficacy to toxicity ratio in the treatment of LGG and can be a valuable option for children who develop severe HSR. Cancer 2005. © 2005 American Cancer Society.