A multicenter retrospective study of chemotherapy for recurrent intracranial ependymal tumors in adults by the Gruppo Italiano Cooperativo di Neuro-Oncologia

Authors


Abstract

BACKGROUND

No data on the role of chemotherapy in recurrent ependymal tumors are available in adults. The aim of the current study was to investigate outcomes after salvage chemotherapy in this setting.

METHODS

A retrospective review was made of the charts of 28 adults (≥ 18 years) with progressive or recurrent ependymal tumors after surgery and radiotherapy, who received chemotherapy between 1993 and 2003 in 3 institutions of the Gruppo Italiano Cooperativo di Neuro-Oncologia network.

RESULTS

Thirteen patients (46.3%) received cisplatin-based chemotherapy (Group A) and 15 (53.7%) received regimens without cisplatin (Group B). Platinum-based chemotherapy yielded 2 complete responses (CR) (15.4%) and 2 (15.4%) partial responses (PR), whereas 7 patients (53.8%) remained stable (SD). After regimens without cisplatin, there were no CR, 2 PR (13.3%), and 11 SD (73.3%). The overall median time to progression was 9.9 months (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 7.5–21.7 months), 9.9 months (5.2–not reached) for Group A and 10.9 months (95% CI, 7.17–23.9 months) for Group B. The overall median survival (OS) was 40.7 months (95% CI, 16–not reached), 31 months (21–not reached) for Group A and 40.7 months (13.4–not reached) for Group B.

CONCLUSIONS

Cisplatin-based chemotherapy achieved a higher response rate, but did not prolong disease progression-free survival or OS. More active regimens for the salvage treatment of ependymal tumors have yet to be found. Cancer 2005. © 2005 American Cancer Society.

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