• 1
    NCCN (National Comprehensive Cancer Network). Distress management practice guidelines. J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 2003; 1: 344374.
  • 2
    Holland JC, Chertkov L. Clinical practice guidelines for the management of psychosocial and physical symptoms in cancer. In: FoleyKM, GelbandH, editors. Improving palliative care for cancer. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2001: 199232.
  • 3
    Winn RJ. Models for medical surveillance [abstract]. Proceedings of Cancer Survivorship: Resilience across the Lifespan. Washington, DC: American Cancer Society, 2002.
  • 4
    Kattlove H, Winn RJ. Ongoing care of patients after primary treatment for their cancer. CA Cancer J Clin. 2003; 53: 172196.
  • 5
    Derogatis LR, Morrow GR, Fetting D, et al. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders among cancer patients. JAMA. 1983; 249: 751756.
  • 6
    Zabora J, Brintzenhofeszoc K, Curbow B et al. The prevalence of psychological distress by cancer site. Psychooncology 2001; 10: 1928.
  • 7
    Zigmond AS, Snaith RP. The hospital anxiety and depression scale. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1983; 67: 361370.
  • 8
    Roth AJ, Kornblith AB, Batel-Copel L, et al. Rapid screening for psychologic distress in men with prostate carcinoma. Cancer. 1998; 82: 19041908.
  • 9
    Jacobsen PB, Donovan KA, Trask PC, et al. Screening for psychologic distress in ambulatory cancer patients: a multicenter evaluation of the distress thermometer. Cancer. 2005; 103: 14941502.
  • 10
    Bloom JR, Cook M, Flamer DP, et al. Psychological response to mastectomy: a prospective comparison study. Cancer. 1987; 59: 189196.
  • 11
    Ganz PA, Rowland JH, Desmond K, Meyerowitz BE, Wyatt GE. Life after breast cancer: understanding women's health-related quality of life and sexual functioning. J Clin Oncol. 1998; 16: 501514.
  • 12
    Dorval M, Maunsell E, Deschenes L, Brisson J., Masse B. Long-term quality of life after breast cancer: comparison of 8-year survivors with population controls. J Clin Oncol. 1998; 16: 487494.
  • 13
    Kornblith AB, Herndon JE, Weiss RB, Zhang C, et al. Long-term adjustment of survivors of early-stage breast carcinoma 20 years after adjuvant chemotherapy. Cancer. 2003; 98: 679689.
  • 14
    Holland JC, Rowland JH, Lebovits A, Rusalem R. Reactions to cancer treatment: assessment of emotional response to adjuvant radiotherapy as a guide to planned interventions. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1979; 2: 347358.
  • 15
    Bush NE, Haberman M, Donaldson G, Sullivan KM. Quality of life of 125 adults surviving 6–18 years after bone marrow transplantation. Soc Sci Med. 1995; 40: 479490.
  • 16
    McQuellon RP, Craven B, Russell GB et al. Quality of life in breast cancer patients before and after autologous bone marrow transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplant. 1996; 18: 579584.
  • 17
    Molassiotis A, van den Akker OBA, Milligan DW, Boughton BJ. Gonadal function and psychosexual adjustment in male long-term survivors of bone marrow transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplant. 1995; 16: 253259.
  • 18
    Neitzert CS, Ritvo P, Dancey J, et al. The psychosocial impact of bone marrow transplantation: a review of the literature. Bone Marrow Transplant. 1998; 22: 409422.
  • 19
    Vose JM, Kennedy BC, Bierman PJ, et al. Long-term sequelae of autologous bone marrow or peripheral stem cell transplantation for lymphoid malignancies. Cancer. 1992; 69: 784789.
  • 20
    Wingard JR, Curbow B, Baker F, et al. Sexual satisfaction in survivors of bone marrow transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplant. 1992; 9: 185190.
  • 21
    Lesko LM, Ostroff JS, Mumma GH, et al. Long-term, psychological adjustment of acute leukemia survivors: impact of bone marrow transplantation versus conventional chemotherapy. Psychosom Med. 1992; 54: 3047.
  • 22
    Baker F, Zabora J, Polland A, Wingard J. Reintegration after bone marrow transplantation. Cancer Prac. 1999; 7: 190197.
  • 23
    Kornblith AB. Psychosocial adaptation of cancer survivors. In: HollandJC, editor. Psychooncology. New York: Oxford University Press. 1998: 223254.
  • 24
    Spelten ER, Sprangers MAG, Verbeek JHAM. Factors reported to influence the return to work of cancer survivors: a literature review. Psychooncology. 2002; 11: 124131.
  • 25
    Short PF, Tunceli K, Vasey J. Employment and cancer survivorship [abstract]. Proceedings of Cancer Survivorship: Resilience Across the Lifespan. Washington, DC: American Cancer Society, 2002.
  • 26
    Schag CAC, Ganz PA, Wing DS, Sim MS, et al. Quality of life in adult survivors of lung, colon and prostate cancer. Qual Life Res. 1994; 3: 127141.
  • 27
    Burstein HJ, Winer EP. Primary care for survivors of breast cancer. N Engl J Med. 2000; 343: 10861094.
  • 28
    Brennan J. Adjustment to cancer—coping or personal transition? Psychooncology. 2001; 10: 118.
  • 29
    Baker CA. Factors associated with rehabilitation in head and neck cancer. Cancer Nurs. 1992; 15: 395400.
  • 30
    Caffo O, Amichetti M, Ferro A, Lucenti A, Valduga F, Galligioni E. Pain and quality of life after surgery for breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2003, 80: 3948.
  • 31
    Baker F, Wingard JR, Curbow B, et al. Quality of life of bone marrow transplant long-term survivors. Bone Marrow Transplant. 1994; 13: 589596.
  • 32
    Carpenter JS, Johnson DH, Wagner LJ, Andrykowski MA. Hot flashes and related outcomes in breast cancer survivors and matched comparison women. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2002; E29:Online Exclusive: 1625.
  • 33
    Ahles TA, Saykin A. Cognitive effects of standard-dose chemotherapy in patients with cancer. Cancer Invest. 2001; 19: 812820.
  • 34
    Ganz PA. Cognitive dysfunction after adjuvant treatment of breast cancer: A new dose-limiting toxic effect? J Natl Cancer Inst. 1998; 90: 182183.
  • 35
    Van Dam FSA, Schagen SB, Muller MJ, et al. Impairment of cognitive function in women receiving adjuvant treatment for high-risk breast cancer: high-dose versus standard-dose chemotherapy. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1998; 90: 210218.
  • 36
    Harder H, Cornelissen JJ, Gool ARV, et al. Cognitive functioning and quality of life in long-term adult survivors of bone marrow transplantation. Cancer. 2002; 95: 183192.
  • 37
    Booth-Jones M, Jacobsen PB, Soety EM, et al. Cognitive function in BMT survivors: correlates and risk factors [abstract]. Proceedings of Cancer Survivorship: Resilience Across the Lifespan. Washington, DC: American Cancer Society, 2002.
  • 38
    Schover LR. Sexual dysfunction. In: HollandJC, editor. Psychooncology. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998: 494499.
  • 39
    Andersen BL. Sexual functioning morbidity among cancer survivors. Current status and future research directions. Cancer. 1985; 55: 18351842.
  • 40
    Molassiotis A, Chan CH, Yam BM, et al. Life after cancer: adaptation issues faced by Chinese gynaecological cancer survivors in Hong Kong. Psychooncology. 2002; 11: 114123.
  • 41
    Auchincloss SS, McCartney CF. Gynecologic cancer. In: HollandJC, editor. Psychooncology. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998: 359370.
  • 42
    Van Tulder MW, Aaronson NK, Brunning PF. The quality of life of long-term survivors of Hodgkin's disease. Ann Oncol. 1994; 5: 153158.
  • 43
    Wellisch DK, Centeno J, Guzman J, et al. Bone marrow transplantation vs. high dose cytarabine-based consolidation chemotherapy for acute myelogenous leukemia. Psychosomatics. 1996; 37: 144154.
  • 44
    Andrykowski MA, Bruel S, Brady MJ, Henslee-Downee PJ. Physical and psychosocial status of adults one year after bone marrow transplantation: a prospective study. Bone Marrow Transplant. 1995; 15: 837844.
  • 45
    Schnoll RA, Knowles JC, Harlow L. Correlates of adjustment among cancer survivors. J Psychosoc Oncol. 2002; 20: 3759.
  • 46
    Schover LR, Yetman RJ, Tuason LJ, et al. Partial mastectomy and breast reconstruction: a comparison of their effects on psychosocial adjustment, body image, and sexuality. Cancer. 1995; 75: 5464.
  • 47
    Fobair P, Stewart S, Chang S, D'Onofrio C, et al. Body image and sexual problems in young women with breast cancer [abstract]. Proceedings of Cancer Survivorship: Resilience Across the Lifespan. Washington, DC: American Cancer Society, 2002.
  • 48
    Bertero CM. Affected self-respect and self-value: the impact of breast cancer treatment on self-esteem and QOL. Psychooncology. 2002; 11: 356364.
  • 49
    Holzner B, Kemmler G, Kopp M, et al. Quality of life in breast cancer patients—Not enough attention for long-term survivors? Psychosomatics. 2001; 42: 117123.
  • 50
    Barnish L. Fatigue and the cancer patient. Br J Nurs. 1994; 3: 806809.
  • 51
    Glaus A, Crow R, Hammond S. A qualitative study to explore the concept of fatigue/tiredness in cancer patients and in healthy individuals. Support Care Cancer. 1996; 4: 8296.
  • 52
    Winningham ML, Nail LM, Burke MB, et al. Fatigue and the cancer experience: the state of knowledge. Oncol Nurs Forum. 1994; 21: 2336.
  • 53
    Haberman M, Bush N, Young K, Sullivan KM. Quality of life in adult long-term survivors of bone marrow transplantation: a qualitative analysis of narrative data. Oncol Nurs Forum. 1993; 20: 15451553.
  • 54
    Whedon M, Stears D, Mills LE. Quality of life of long-term adult survivors of autologous bone marrow transplantation. Oncol Nurs Forum. 1995; 22: 15271535.
  • 55
    Ganz PA, Moinpour CM, Pauler DK, et al. Health status and quality of life in patients with early-stage Hodgkin's disease treated on Southwest Oncology Group Study 9133. J Clin Oncol. 2003; 21: 35123519.
  • 56
    Fossa SD, Dahl AA, Loge JH. Fatigue, anxiety, and depression in long-term survivors of testicular cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2003; 21: 12491254.
  • 57
    Andrykowski MA, Carpenter JS, Greiner CB, et al. Energy level and sleep quality following bone marrow transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplant. 1997; 20: 669679.
  • 58
    Molasssiotis A. Psychological transitions in the long-term survivors of bone marrow transplantation. Eur J Cancer Care. 1997; 6: 100107.
  • 59
    Capuron L, Ravaud A, Dantzer R. Timing and specificity of the cognitive changes induced by interleukin-2 and interferon-α treatments in cancer patients. Psychosom Med. 2001; 63: 376386.
  • 60
    Dantzer R, Wollman EE, Vitkovic L, Yirmiya R. Cytokines, stress, and depression: conclusions and perspectives. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1999; 461: 317329.
  • 61
    Yirmiya R, Weidenfeld J, Pollal Y, Morag M, et al. Cytokines, depression due to general medical condition, and antidepressant drugs. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1999; 461: 283316.
  • 62
    Cole BF, Gelber RD, Kirkwood JM, et al. Quality of life—adjusted survival analysis of interferon alfa-2b adjuvant treatment of high risk resected cutaneous melanoma: an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) study. J Clin Oncol. 1996; 14: 26662673.
  • 63
    Valentine AD, Meyers CA, Talpaz M. Treatment of neurotoxic side effects of interferon-alpha with naltrexone. Cancer Invest. 1995; 13: 561566.
  • 64
    Reichenberg A, Yirmiya R, Schud A, Kraus T, et al. Cytokine-associated emotional and cognitive disturbances in humans. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2001; 58: 445452.
  • 65
    Koocher GP, O'Malley JE. The Damocles syndrome: psychosocial consequences of surviving childhood cancer. New York: McGraw Hill, 1981.
  • 66
    Mishel M, Germino B, Gil K, Carlton-LaNey I, et al. Triggers of uncertainty about recurrence and late emerging treatment side effects in older long-term breast cancer survivors [abstract]. Proceedings of Cancer Survivorship: Resilience across the Lifespan. Washington, DC: American Cancer Society, 2002.
  • 67
    Polinsky ML. Functional status of long-term breast cancer survivors: demonstrating chronicity. Health Soc Work. 1994; 19: 165173.
  • 68
    Cameron CL, Cella D, Herndon JE 2nd, Kornblith AB, et al. Persistent symptoms among survivors of Hodgkin's disease: an explanatory model based on classical conditioning. Health Psychol. 2001; 20: 7175.
  • 69
    Jacobsen PB, Sadler IJ, Booth-Jones M, Soety E. Predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder symptomatology following bone marrow transplantation. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2002; 70: 235240.
  • 70
    Tjemsland L, Soreide JA, Malt UF. Posttraumatic distress symptoms in operable breast cancer III: status one year after surgery. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 1998; 47: 141151.
  • 71
    Widows MR, Jacobsen PB, Fields KK. Relation of psychological vulnerability factors to posttraumatic stress disorder symptomatology in bone marrow transplant recipients. Psychosom Med. 2000; 62: 873882.
  • 72
    Molasssiotis A, van den Akker OBA, Milligan DW, et al. Quality of life in long-term survivors of marrow transplantation: comparison with matched group receiving maintenance chemotherapy. Bone Marrow Transplant. 1996; 17: 249258.
  • 73
    Sarna L, Padilla G, Holmes C, Tashkin D, Brecht ML, Evangelista L. Quality of life of long-term survivors of nonsmall-cell lung cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2002; 20: 29202929.
  • 74
    Zebrack BJ, Chesler MA. Quality of life in childhood cancer survivors. Psychooncology. 2002; 11: 132141.
  • 75
    Gurevich M, Devins GM, Rodin GM. Stress response syndromes and cancer: conceptual and assessment issues. Psychosomatics. 2002; 43: 259281.
  • 76
    Alter CL, Pelcoviz D, Axelrod A, et al. Identification of PTSD in cancer survivors. Psychosomatics. 1996; 37: 137143.
  • 77
    Cordova MJ, Andrykowski MA, Redd WH, et al. Frequency and correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder-like symptoms after treatment for breast cancer. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1995; 63: 981986.
  • 78
    Hampton MR, Fronbach I. Women's experience of traumatic stress in cancer treatment. Health Care Int. 2000; 21: 6776.
  • 79
    Amir M, Ramati A. Posttraumatic symptoms, emotional distress and quality of life in long-term survivors of breast cancer: a preliminary research. J Anxiety Disord. 2002; 16: 195206.
  • 80
    Andrykowski MA, Cordova MJ. Factors associated with PTSD symptoms following treatment for breast cancer: test of the Andersen model. J Trauma Stress. 1998; 11: 189203.
  • 81
    Andrykowski MA, Cordova MJ, Studts JL, et al. Posttraumatic stress disorder after treatment for breast cancer: prevalence of diagnosis and use of PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PLC-C) as a screening instrument. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1998; 66: 586590.
  • 82
    Cordova MJ, Studs JL, Hann DM, et al. Symptom structure of PTSD following breast cancer. J Trauma Stress. 2000; 13: 301319.
  • 83
    Matsuoka Y, Nakano T, Inagaki M, et al. Cancer-related intrusive thoughts as an indicator of poor psychological adjustment at 3 or more years after breast cancer surgery: a preliminary study. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2002; 76: 117124.
  • 84
    Nakano T, Wenner M, Inagaki M, et al. Relationship between distressing cancer-related recollections and hippocampal volume in cancer survivors. Am J Psychiatr. 2002; 159: 20872093.
  • 85
    Conway K. Ordinary life, a memoir of illness. New York: W.H. Freeman & Co.; 1997.
  • 86
    Park CL, Folkman S. Meaning in the context of stress and coping. Rev Gen Psychol. 1997; 1: 115144.
  • 87
    Calhoun LG, Tedeschi RG. Facilitating posttraumatic growth: a clinician's guide. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1999.
  • 88
    Fromm K, Andrykowski MA, Hunt J. Positive and negative psychosocial sequelae of bone marrow transplantation: implications for quality of life assessment. J Behav Med. 1996; 19: 221240.
  • 89
    Tomich PL, Helgeson VS. Five years later: a cross-sectional comparison of breast cancer survivors with healthy women. Psychooncology. 2002; 11: 154169.
  • 90
    Vickberg SM, Duhamel KN, Smith MY, et al. Global meaning and psychological adjustment among survivors of bone marrow transplant. Psychooncology. 2001; 10: 2939.
  • 91
    Xuereb MC, Dunlop R. The experience of leukemia and bone marrow transplant: searching for meaning and agency. Psychooncology. 2002; 10: 113.
  • 92
    Sears SR, Stanton AL, Danoff-Burg S. The yellow brick road and the emerald city: benefit finding, positive reappraisal coping and posttraumatic growth in women with early-stage breast cancer. Health Psychol. 2003; 22: 487497.
  • 93
    Maliski SL, Sarna L, Evangelista L, Padilla G. The aftermath of lung cancer: balancing the good and bad. Cancer Nurs. 2003; 26: 237244.
  • 94
    Ferrell B, Smith SL, Cullinane CA, Melancon C. Psychological well being and quality of life in ovarian cancer survivors. Cancer. 2003; 98: 10611071.
  • 95
    Blanchard CM, Denniston MM, Baker F, et al. Do adults change their lifestyle behaviors after a cancer diagnosis? Am J Health Behav. 2003; 27: 246256.
  • 96
    Cordova MJ, Cunningham LL, Carlson CR, Andrykowski MA. Posttraumatic growth following breast cancer: a controlled comparison study. Health Psychol. 2001; 20: 176185.