• 1
    American Cancer Society. Cancer facts & figures. Atlanta: American Cancer Society, 2005.
  • 2
    Ghafoor A, Jemal A, Ward E, Cokkindes V, Smith R, Thun M. Trends in breast cancer by race and ethnicity. CA Cancer J Clin. 2003; 53: 342355.
  • 3
    Ries L, Eisner M, Kosary C, et al. SEER cancer statistics review, 1975–2001. Bethesda: National Cancer Institute, 2004.
  • 4
    Associated Press. Experts foresee crisis in access to breast tests. The New York Times 2000 November 30; section: A: 21(1).
  • 5
    Garman C. Need a mammogram? It could take a while: delays reach crisis levels as women wait up to five months for a routine screening. Time. 2001; 157(10).
  • 6
    Eastern Research Group. Assessment of the availability of mammography services. Prepared for the Office of Policy, Planning and Legislation, Office of the Commissioner, Food and Drug Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 2001. Available from URL: [accessed June 12, 2005].
  • 7
    United States General Accounting Office. Mammography: capacity generally exists to deliver services. Washington, DC: U.S. General Accounting Office, 2002.
  • 8
    Bassett LW, Monsees BS, Smith RA, et al. Survey of radiology residents: breast imaging training and attitudes. Radiology. 2003; 227: 862869.
  • 9
    Arenson RL. National radiology fellowship match program: success or failure?? J Am Coll Radiol. 2004; 1: 188191.
  • 10
    D'Orsi CJ, Tu S, Nakano C, et al. Current realities of delivering mammography in the community: do challenges with staffing and scheduling exist? Radiology. 2005; 235: 391395. Epub 2005 Mar 29.
  • 11
    Saketkhoo DD, Sunshine JH, Covey AM, Forman HP. Findings in 2002 from a help wanted index of job advertisements: is the job-market shortage of diagnostic radiologists easing? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2003; 181: 351357.
  • 12
    Sunshine JH, Maynard CD, Paros J, Forman HP. Update on the diagnostic radiologist shortage. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004; 182: 301305.
  • 13
    Mello MM, Studdert DM, DesRoches CM, et al. Caring for patients in a malpractice crisis: physician satisfaction and quality of care. Health Aff (Millwood). 2004; 23: 4253.
  • 14
    Zugar A. Dissatisfaction with medical practice. N Engl J Med. 2004; 350: 6975.
  • 15
    Enzmann DR, Anglada PM, Haviley C, Venta LA. Providing professional mammography services: financial analysis. Radiology. 2001; 219: 467473.
  • 16
    Destouet JM, Sherman ML. Impact of mammography regulations on breast imaging practice costs. Semin Breast Dis. 2001; 4: 1014.
  • 17
    Logan-Young W, Taylor S, Wade T, Halligan J. Stand-alone breast clinics: can they survive economically? Semin Breast Dis. 2001; 4: 1520.
  • 18
    United States Census Bureau. Population Projections Program, Population Division. Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau, 2003.
  • 19
    Kriege M, Brekelmans CTM, Boetes C, et al. Efficacy of MRI and mammography for breast-cancer screening in women with a familial or genetic predisposition. N Engl J Med. 2004; 351: 427437.
  • 20
    Warner E, Plewes DB, Hill KA, et al. Surveillance of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers with magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, mammography, and clinical breast examination. JAMA. 2004; 292: 13171325.
  • 21
    Physician Insurers Association of America. Breast cancer study. Rockville, MD: Physician Insurers Association of America, 2002.
  • 22
    Wilson TE, Nijhawan VK, Helvie MA. Normal mammograms and the practice of obtaining previous mammograms: usefulness and costs. Radiology. 1996; 198: 661663.
  • 23
    Raza S, Rosen MP, Chorney K, Mehta TS, Hulka CA, Baum JK. Patient expectations and costs of immediate reporting of screening mammography: talk isn't cheap. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2001; 177: 579583.
  • 24
    Wilson TE, Wallace C, Roubidoux MA, Sonnad SS, Crowe DJ, Helvie MA. Patient satisfaction with screening mammography: online vs. off-line interpretation. Acad Radiol. 1998; 5: 771778.
  • 25
    Michaelson J, Satija S, Moore R, et al. The pattern of breast cancer screening utilization and its consequences. Cancer. 2002; 94: 3743.
  • 26
    Brown ML, Kessler LG, Rueter FG. Is the supply of mammography machines outstripping need and demand? An economic analysis [see comments]. Ann Intern Med. 1990; 113: 547552.
  • 27
    Joy JE, Penhoet EE, Petitti DB. Saving women's lives: strategies for improving breast cancer detection and diagnosis. Washington, DC: Institute of Medicine and National Research Council, 2005.
  • 28
    Nass SJ, Henderson IC, Lashof JC. Mammography and beyond: developing technologies for the early detection of breast cancer. Washington, DC: Institute of Medicine and National Research Council, 2001.