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Inactivation of PTEN is associated with a low p27Kip1 protein expression in breast carcinoma
Article first published online: 5 OCT 2005
Copyright © 2005 American Cancer Society
Volume 104, Issue 10, pages 2048–2053, 15 November 2005
How to Cite
Tsutsui, S., Inoue, H., Yasuda, K., Suzuki, K., Tahara, K., Higashi, H., Era, S. and Mori, M. (2005), Inactivation of PTEN is associated with a low p27Kip1 protein expression in breast carcinoma. Cancer, 104: 2048–2053. doi: 10.1002/cncr.21471
- Issue published online: 31 OCT 2005
- Article first published online: 5 OCT 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 13 JUN 2005
- Manuscript Revised: 6 MAY 2005
- Manuscript Received: 22 MAR 2005
- breast carcinoma;
It was previously demonstrated that PTEN protein expression is reduced in 67 of 236 (28%) breast carcinomas. Recent experimental studies suggested that the cell cycle inhibitor p27Kip1 (p27) is a downstream mediator through which PTEN negatively regulates cell cycle progression.
The immunohistochemic expression of p27 and PTEN protein expression was evaluated in a series of 228 invasive ductal carcinomas of the breast.
PTEN protein expression was found to have decreased in 65 of 228 (29%) cases, while the nuclear accumulation of p27 protein was low in 99 of 228 (43%) cases. A reduced PTEN protein expression correlated significantly (P = 0.0214) with a low p27 protein expression. Univariate analysis indicated that the patients demonstrating a combined decrease in PTEN and p27 protein expression have a significantly (P = 0.0044) worse disease-free survival (DFS) than those with other combinations of these two protein expression patterns, while multivariate analysis indicated that the lymph node status, MIB-1 counts, and the combination of PTEN/p27 protein expression (P = 0.0452) are independently significant prognostic factors for DFS.
A reduced PTEN protein expression correlated significantly with a low p27 protein expression in breast carcinoma. The finding that the patients with a combined decrease in both protein expressions had a poor prognosis thus suggests that a combined loss of PTEN and p27 function is associated with an aggressive phenotype in breast carcinoma. Cancer 2005. © 2005 American Cancer Society.