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In utero exposure to female hormones and germ cell tumors in children†
Article first published online: 18 JAN 2006
Copyright © 2006 American Cancer Society
Volume 106, Issue 5, pages 1169–1177, 1 March 2006
How to Cite
Shankar, S., Davies, S., Giller, R., Krailo, M., Davis, M., Gardner, K., Cai, H., Robison, L. and Shu, X.-O. (2006), In utero exposure to female hormones and germ cell tumors in children. Cancer, 106: 1169–1177. doi: 10.1002/cncr.21670
Participating institutions are: University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL; University of Arkansas, Little Rock, AR; Phoenix Children's Hospital, Phoenix, AZ; British Columbia's Children's Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada; Children's Hospital of Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA; Children's Hospital of Oakland, Oakland, CA; Children's Hospital of Orange County, Orange, CA; City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, CA; Kaiser Permanente Medical Group, Inc., Northern CA, Oakland, CA; Loma Linda University Cancer Institute, Loma Linda, CA; Santa Barbara Cottage Hospital, Santa Barbara, CA; Southern California Permanente Medical Group, Downey, CA; University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA; University of California, Los Angeles School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA; Harbor/University of California, Medical Center, Torrance, CA; The Children's Hospital, Denver, Denver, CO; Children's National Medical Center, D.C., Washington, DC; Children's Healthcare of Atlanta at Egleston, Atlanta, GA; Raymond Blank Children's Hospital, Des Moines, IA; University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics, Iowa City, IA; Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL; University of Illinois, Chicago, IL; Clarian Health, Indianapolis, IN; Indiana University, Riley Children's Hospital, Indianapolis, IN; Kosair Children's Hospital, Louisville, KY; Dana Farber Cancer Institute/Children's Hospital of Boston, Boston, MA; C.S. Mott Children's Hospital, Ann Arbor, MI; DeVos Children's Hospital, Grand Rapids, MI; Kalamazoo Community Clinical Oncology Program, Kalamazoo, MI; Michigan State University, Lansing, MI; Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, MN; The Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, MO; University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC; Janeway Child Health Center, St Johns, NL, Canada; University of Medical and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ; Izaak Walton Killam Children's Hospital, Halifax, NS; Canada; Sunrise Children's Hospital, Sunrise Hospital and Med Center, Las Vegas, NV; Albany Medical Center, Albany, NY; Montefiore Medical Center, New York, NY; New York University Medical Center, New York, NY; SUNY Health Science Center at Brooklyn, Brooklyn, NY; Children's Hospital Medical Center, Akron, Akron, OH; Children's Hospital of Columbus, Columbus, OH; Children's Medical Center, Dayton, Dayton, OH; Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH; Mercy Children's Hospital, Toledo, OH; Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Cleveland, OH; Children's East Ontario, Ottawa, ON; Canada; Children's Hospital of Western Ontario, London, ON; Canada; Emanuel Hospital—Health Care, Portland, OR; Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA; Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA; Penn State Children's Hospital, Hershey, PA; South Carolina Cancer Center, Columbia, SC; Dakota Midwest Cancer Institute, Sioux Falls, SD; Allain Blair Cancer Centre, Regina, SK; Canada; Saskatoon Cancer Center, Saskatoon, SK; Canada; East Tennessee Children's Hospital, Knoxville, TN; Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN; Columbia Medical Center—West, El Paso, TX; M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX; Scott & White, Temple, TX; Southwest Texas Methodist Hospital, San Antonio, TX; Texas Tech University, Health Science Center, Amarillo, TX; Primary Children's Medical Center, Salt Lake City, UT; Children's Hospital, King's Daughters, Norfolk, VA; Children's Hospital & Regional Medical Center, Seattle, Seattle, WA; Deaconess Medical Center, Spokane, WA; Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, Redmond, WA; Bellin Memorial Hospital, Green Bay, WI; Marshfield Clinic, Marshfield, WI; Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, OR; Medical Center of Delaware—Alfred I. Dupont Institute, Wilmington, DE; Atlantic Health System, Morristown, NJ; University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN; Childrens Hospital & Clinics Minneapolis & St Paul, Minneapolis & St Paul, MN; Children's Hospital Central California, Madera, CA; Sioux Valley Children's Specialty Clinics, Sioux Falls, SD; The Children's Hospital at The Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH; MeritCare Medical Group DBA Roger Maris Cancer Center, Fargo, ND.
- Issue published online: 17 FEB 2006
- Article first published online: 18 JAN 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 1 SEP 2005
- Manuscript Revised: 7 JUL 2005
- Manuscript Received: 29 MAR 2005
- National Cancer Institute. Grant Number: USPHS RO1CA067263
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