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Prognostic factors for osteosarcoma of the extremity treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy
15-year experience in 789 patients treated at a single institution
Version of Record online: 18 JAN 2006
Copyright © 2006 American Cancer Society
Volume 106, Issue 5, pages 1154–1161, 1 March 2006
How to Cite
Bacci, G., Longhi, A., Versari, M., Mercuri, M., Briccoli, A. and Picci, P. (2006), Prognostic factors for osteosarcoma of the extremity treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Cancer, 106: 1154–1161. doi: 10.1002/cncr.21724
- Issue online: 17 FEB 2006
- Version of Record online: 18 JAN 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 5 NOV 2005
- Manuscript Revised: 25 AUG 2005
- Manuscript Received: 18 JUL 2005
- prognostic factors;
- limb salvage
The evaluation variables influencing systemic and local recurrence and final outcome are extremely important in defining risk-adapted treatments for patients with nonmetastatic osteosarcoma of the extremity.
A homogeneous group of 789 patients treated at a single institution between March 1983 and March 1999 with different protocols of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, with a minimum followup of 5 years, were retrospectively evaluated in relation to gender, age, serum levels of alkaline phosphatase, tumor site and size of the pathologic fracture, type of surgery, protocol of chemotherapy, surgical margins, and histologic response to preoperative treatment.
The 5-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival rates were 60.1% and 67.5%, respectively. Upon univariate analysis, EFS was significantly related to the age of patients, serum value of alkaline phosphatase, tumor volume, histologic subtype, type of surgery, surgical margins, histologic response to preoperative treatment, and chemotherapy protocol. Local recurrences (4.8%) were significantly correlated with surgical margins. The 5-year postrecurrence EFS survival was 17% and was significantly lower for patients who had a local recurrence and metastases than for those with metastases only. Patients who had a recurrence only in the lung had a postrecurrence survival rate significantly better than others, correlated with the number of metastatic nodules and the length of the disease-free interval.
Upon multivariate analysis, age ≤ 14 years, high serum levels of alkaline phosphatase, tumor volume > 200 mL, a two-drug regimen chemotherapy, inadequate surgical margins, and poor histologic response to treatment maintained independent prognostic values on the outcome of nonmetastatic osteosarcoma of the extremities. These factors must be considered when deciding risk-adapted treatments for osteosarcoma patients. Cancer 2006. © 2006 American Cancer Society.