SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • thrombocytopenic hemorrhage;
  • epsilon aminocaproic acid;
  • adjunctive therapy;
  • chemotherapy;
  • antifibrinolytic

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Epsilon aminocaproic acid (EACA) is an antifibrinolytic drug that has been used to control hemorrhage by stabilizing the thrombus. It has been used in thrombocytopenic patients largely on an empiric basis.

METHODS

Concerns regarding side effects have limited the use of this drug. The authors reviewed their experience with EACA at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation from 1997 to 2003.

RESULTS

Of 77 patients with thrombocytopenic hemorrhage, 51 (66%) patients achieved a complete response and 13 (17%) patients achieved a partial response, resulting in a decrease in platelet and red blood cell transfusions. Adverse effects were manageable in this set of patients with severe underlying disease.

CONCLUSIONS

Based on this experience, EACA may be a valuable adjunctive therapy in the treatment of patients with thrombocytopenic hemorrhage. Cancer 2006. © 2006 American Cancer Society.