The transcription factor avian erythroblastosis virus E26 (V-Ets) oncogene homolog 1 (Ets-1) is involved in tumor development and progression through the transcriptional regulation of several matrix-degrading enzyme systems, including matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). It has been demonstrated that the MMPs are expressed strongly in high-grade meningiomas. To determine the biologic significance of Ets-1 in the progression of benign meningiomas, the authors investigated the expressions of Ets-1 and its target genes MMP-2 and MMP-9 in primary and recurrent, Grade 1 meningiomas.
The expression levels of Ets-1, MMP-2, and MMP-9 were examined by immunohistochemistry in 70 Grade 1 meningiomas, including 36 primary tumors without recurrence after 5 years of follow-up and 17 pairs of primary tumors and subsequent recurrences.
The results demonstrated higher expression of Ets-1, MMP-2, and MMP-9 proteins in meningiomas with subsequent recurrences compared with meningiomas from patients who had no recurrences (P < .001). In addition, Ets-1 expression was correlated with the expression of both MMP-2 and MMP-9.
Ets-1 may be involved in meningioma recurrence by up-regulating MMP-2 and MMP-9. Increased expression of these genes in World Health Organization grade 1 meningiomas may serve as an indicator for a high risk of recurrence. Cancer 2006. © 2006 American Cancer Society.