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“Sip volume” as a quality indicator in liquid-based cervical cytology†
Article first published online: 9 NOV 2006
Published 2006 by the American Cancer Society
Volume 108, Issue 6, pages 462–467, 25 December 2006
How to Cite
Sherman, M. E., Kahler, J., Gustafson, K. S. and Wang, S. S. (2006), “Sip volume” as a quality indicator in liquid-based cervical cytology. Cancer, 108: 462–467. doi: 10.1002/cncr.22283
This article is a US Government work, and, as such, is in the public domain in the United States of America.
- Issue published online: 11 DEC 2006
- Article first published online: 9 NOV 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 JUL 2006
- Manuscript Revised: 5 MAY 2006
- Manuscript Received: 28 FEB 2006
- National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services. Grant Numbers: CN-55153, CN-55154, CN-55155, CN-55156, CN-55157, CN-55158, CN-55159, CN-55105
- quality assurance;
- human papillomavirus
Introduction of nonmicroscopic cervical screening techniques creates the potential for liquid-based cytology specimens to be sent for human papillomavirus (HPV) testing, automated screening, or other assays prior to microscopic quality assessment. It was hypothesized that the volumes required to prepare ThinPreps (“sip volumes”) represent indicators of specimen quality.
A stratified random sample of 505 enrollment ThinPreps were assessed in the Atypical Squamous Cells of Undetermined Significance/Low-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion Triage Study (ALTS) to evaluate associations between sip volume and slide cellularity, cellular distribution, and clinical outcomes. Masked assessments included counting cells and qualitative evaluations.
Sip volumes were highest among women aged 18-19 or ≥35 years (P = .01), higher during the secretory menstrual phase (P < .0001), and lower among women with a history of Chlamydia infection (P = .04). Low cellularity was associated with Atypical squamous cells-cannot exclude high-grade squamous intra-epithelial lesion (ASC-H) interpretations at the clinical centers (P = .04). Sip volumes were related to cellularity (P < .0001) and cellular distribution (P < .0001). Sip volumes ≤2.0 mL were associated with lower cellularity and both low and high sip volumes yielded less homogeneous cell deposition. However, sip volume was unrelated to the overall performance of cytology and HPV testing.
Extremely low sip volumes are associated with hypocellular ThinPreps, and very low and high sip volumes more often show uneven cellular distribution. Although results of cytology and HPV testing in ALTS were generally unrelated to sip volume, results with other protocols or assays may vary, suggesting that microscopic assessment of specimens with extreme sip volumes prior to nonmicroscopic testing may be useful. Cancer (Cancer Cytopathol) 2006. Published 2006 by the American Cancer Society.