• 1
    Baillargeon J, Pollock BH, Kristal AR, et al. The association of body mass index and prostate-specific antigen in a population-based study. Cancer. 2005; 103: 10921095.
  • 2
    Rodriguez C, Patel AV, Calle EE, Jacobs EJ, Chao A, Thun MJ. Body mass index, height, and prostate cancer mortality in two large cohorts of adult men in the United States. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2001; 10: 345353.
  • 3
    Calle EE, Rodriguez C, Walker-Thurmond K, Thun MJ. Overweight, obesity, and mortality from cancer in a prospectively studied cohort of U.S. adults. N Engl J Med. 2003; 348: 16251638.
  • 4
    Neugut AI, Chen AC, Petrylak DP. The “skinny” on obesity and prostate cancer prognosis. J Clin Oncol. 2004; 22: 395398.
  • 5
    Giovannucci E, Rimm EB, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA, Willett WC. Height, body weight, and risk of prostate cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1997; 6: 557563.
  • 6
    Bradbury BD, Wilk JB, Kaye JA. Obesity and the risk of prostate cancer (United States). Cancer Causes Control. 2005; 16: 637641.
  • 7
    Amling CL, Riffenburgh RH, Sun L, et al. Pathologic variables and recurrence rates as related to obesity and race in men with prostate cancer undergoing radical prostatectomy. J Clin Oncol. 2004; 22: 439445.
  • 8
    Amling CL, Kane CJ, Riffenburgh RH, et al. Relationship between obesity and race in predicting adverse pathologic variables in patients undergoing radical prostatectomy. Urology. 2001; 58: 723728.
  • 9
    Freedland SJ, Aronson WJ, Kane CJ, et al. Impact of obesity on biochemical control after radical prostatectomy for clinically localized prostate cancer: a report by the Shared Equal Access Regional Cancer Hospital database study group. J Clin Oncol. 2004; 22: 446453.
  • 10
    Consensus statement: guidelines for PSA following radiation therapy. American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology Consensus Panel. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1997; 37: 10351041.
  • 11
    Strom SS, Kamat AM, Gruschkus SK, et al. Influence of obesity on biochemical and clinical failure after external-beam radiotherapy for localized prostate cancer. Cancer. 2006; 107: 631639.
  • 12
    Roach M3rd, Hanks G, Thames HJr, et al. Defining biochemical failure following radiotherapy with or without hormonal therapy in men with clinically localized prostate cancer: recommendations of the RTOG-ASTRO Phoenix Consensus Conference. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2006; 65: 965974.
  • 13
    Fitch DL, McGrath S, Martinez AA, Vicini FA, Kestin LL. Unification of a common biochemical failure definition for prostate cancer treated with brachytherapy or external beam radiotherapy with or without androgen deprivation. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2006; 66: 14301439.
  • 14
    Millender LE, Aubin M, Pouliot J, Shinohara K, Roach M3rd. Daily electronic portal imaging for morbidly obese men undergoing radiotherapy for localized prostate cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2004; 59: 610.
  • 15
    Schallenkamp JM, Herman MG, Kruse JJ, Pisansky TM. Prostate position relative to pelvic bony anatomy based on intraprostatic gold markers and electronic portal imaging. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2005; 63: 800811.
  • 16
    Merrick GS, Butler WM, Wallner KE, et al. Influence of body mass index on biochemical outcome after permanent prostate brachytherapy. Urology. 2005; 65: 95100.
  • 17
    Merrick GS, Butler WM, Wallner K, et al. Permanent prostate brachytherapy-induced morbidity in patients with grade II and III obesity. Urology. 2002; 60: 104108.
  • 18
    Freedland SJ, Grubb KA, Yiu SK, et al. Obesity and risk of biochemical progression following radical prostatectomy at a tertiary care referral center. J Urol. 2005; 174: 919922.
  • 19
    Zumoff B, Levin J, Strain GW, et al. Abnormal levels of plasma hormones in men with prostate cancer: evidence toward a “two-disease” theory. Prostate. 1982; 3: 579588.
  • 20
    Frystyk J, Skjaerbaek C, Zapf J, Orskov H. Increased levels of circulating free insulin-like growth factors in patients with non-islet cell tumour hypoglycaemia. Diabetologia. 1998; 41: 589594.
  • 21
    Amling CL. Relationship between obesity and prostate cancer. Curr Opin Urol. 2005; 15: 167171.