SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Wingo PA,Ries LA,Rosenberg HM,Miller DS,Edwards BK. Cancer incidence and mortality, 1973–1995: a report card for the U.S. Cancer. 1998; 82: 11971207.
  • 2
    Wingo PA,Ries LA,Giovino GA, et al. Annual report to the nation on the status of cancer, 1973–1996, with a special section on lung cancer and tobacco smoking. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1999; 91: 675690.
  • 3
    Ries LA,Wingo PA,Miller DS, et al. The annual report to the nation on the status of cancer, 1973–1997, with a special section on colorectal cancer. Cancer. 2000; 88: 23982424.
  • 4
    Howe HL,Wingo PA,Thun MJ, et al. Annual report to the nation on the status of cancer (1973 through 1998), featuring cancers with recent increasing trends. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2001; 93: 824842.
  • 5
    Edwards BK,Howe HL,Ries LA, et al. Annual report to the nation on the status of cancer, 1973–1999, featuring implications of age and aging on U.S. cancer burden. Cancer. 2002; 94: 27662792.
  • 6
    Weir HK,Thun MJ,Hankey BF, et al. Annual report to the nation on the status of cancer, 1975–2000, featuring the uses of surveillance data for cancer prevention and control. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2003; 95: 12761299.
  • 7
    Jemal A,Clegg LX,Ward E, et al. Annual report to the nation on the status of cancer, 1975–2001, with a special feature regarding survival. Cancer. 2004; 101: 327.
  • 8
    Edwards BK,Brown ML,Wingo PA, et al. Annual report to the nation on the status of cancer, 1975–2002, featuring population-based trends in cancer treatment. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2005; 97: 14071427.
  • 9
    Howe HL,Wu X,Ries LA, et al. Annual report to the nation on the status of cancer, 1975–2003, featuring cancer among U.S. Hispanic/Latino populations. Cancer. 2006; 107: 17111742.
  • 10
    Fritz A,Percy C,Jack A. International Classification of Diseases for Oncology. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2000.
  • 11
    Ries L,Harkins D,Krapcho M, et al. SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975–2003. Bethesda, Md: National Cancer Institute; 2006.
  • 12
    National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Statistics of the United States, 1950–1999. Volume II. Mortality, Parts A and B. Washington, DC: National Center for Health Statistics, Public Health Service; 2001.
  • 13
    World Health Organization. Manual of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Injuries, and Causes of Death. Based on the recommendations of the 9th Revision Conference, 1975. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1977.
  • 14
    Anderson RN,Minino AM,Hoyert DL,Rosenberg HM. Comparability of cause of death between ICD-9 and ICD-10: preliminary estimates. Natl Vital Stat Rep. 2001; 49: 132.
  • 15
    Public Health Service. Manual of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Injuries, and Causes of Death. Adapted for use in the United States. 8th revision. 1693. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, National Center for Health Statistics, Public Health Service; 1967.
  • 16
    World Health Organization. International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. 10th revision. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1992.
  • 17
    National Cancer Institute-SEER. Policy for calculating Hispanic mortality. Bethesda, Md: National Cancer Institute-SEER Program, 2007. Available at URL: http://seer. cancer.gov/seerstat/variables/mort/origin_recode_1990+/vol Accessed March 15, 2007.
  • 18
    National Cancer Institute-SEER Program. Statistical resources. U.S. population data 1969–2004. Available at URL: http://seer.cancer.gov/resources Accessed June 7, 2007.
  • 19
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). National Center for Health Statistics. National Vital Statistics System. U.S. census populations with bridged race categories. Available at URL: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/major/dvs/popbridge/popbridge.htm Accessed March 15, 2007.
  • 20
    Surveillance Research Program. SEER*Stat software. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute, DCCPS, Surveillance Research Program, Cancer Statistics Branch; 2007. Available at URL: http://www.seer.cancer.gov/seerstat Accessed July 14, 2007.
  • 21
    Frost F,Taylor V,Fries E. Racial misclassification of Native Americans in a Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results cancer registry. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1992; 84: 957962.
  • 22
    Partin MR,Rith-Najarian SJ,Slater JS,Korn JE,Cobb N,Soler JT. Improving cancer incidence estimates for American Indians in Minnesota. Am J Public Health. 1999; 89: 16731677.
  • 23
    Kwong S,Perkings C,Snipes K,Wright W. Improving American Indian cancer data in the California Cancer Registry by linkage with the Indian Health Service. J Registry Manage. 1998; 25: 1720.
  • 24
    Sugarman JR,Holliday M,Ross A,Castorina J,Hui Y. Improving American Indian cancer data in the Washington State Cancer Registry using linkages with the Indian Health Service and tribal records. Cancer. 1996; 78( 7 suppl): 15641568.
  • 25
    Becker TM,Bettles J,Lapidus J, et al. Improving cancer incidence estimates for American Indians and Alaska Natives in the Pacific Northwest. Am J Public Health. 2002; 92: 14691471.
  • 26
    Harwell TS,Miller SH,Lemons DL,Helgerson SD,Gohdes D. Cancer incidence in Montana: rates for American Indians exceed those for whites. Am J Prev Med. 2006; 30: 493497.
  • 27
    Harwell TS,Hansen D,Moore KR,Jeanotte D,Gohdes D,Helgerson SD. Accuracy of race coding on American Indian death certificates, Montana 1996–1998. Public Health Rep. 2002; 117: 4449.
  • 28
    Indian Health Service. Indian Health Manual, chapter 2. Available at URL: http://www.ihs.gov/PublicInfo/Publications/IHSManual/2004 Accessed June 26, 2007.
  • 29
    Gu D. LinkPlus: a suite of publicly available software programs for collecting and processing cancer registry data. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2005. Available at URL: http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/npcr/tools/registryplus/lp.htm Accessed February 2, 2007.
  • 30
    Office of Management and Budget. Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity. Federal Register Notice, October 30, 1997. Available at URL: http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg/ 1997standards.html Accessed March 24, 2007.
  • 31
    JohnsonCH, editor. SEER Program coding and staging manual 2004, revision 1. NIH Pub. No. 04–5581. Bethesda, Md: National Cancer Institute; 2004. Available at URL: http://seer.cancer.gov/seerstat/variables/seer/yr1973_2003/race_ethnicity/ Accessed June 25, 2007.
  • 32
    Cobb N,Paisano RE. Patterns of cancer mortality among Native Americans. Cancer. 1998; 83: 23772383.
  • 33
    Espey DK,Paisano RE,Cobb N. Cancer Mortality Among American Indians and Alaska Natives: Regional Differences, 1994–1998. Rockville, Md: Indian Health Service; 2003.
  • 34
    Espey D,Paisano R,Cobb N. Regional patterns and trends in cancer mortality among American Indians and Alaska Natives, 1990–2001. Cancer. 2005; 103: 10451053.
  • 35
    Denny CH,Holtzman D,Cobb N. Surveillance for health behaviors of American Indians and Alaska Natives. Findings from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 1997–2000. MMWR Surveill Summ. 2003; 52: 113.
  • 36
    Indian Health Service. IHS area offices and facilities. Available at URL: http://www.ihs.gov/FacilitiesServices/Area Offices/AreaOffices_index.asp, 2003 Accessed May 20, 2006.
  • 37
    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Tracking Healthy People 2010. Volume 2007, 2000. Available at URL: http://www.healthypeople.gov Accessed May 20, 2007.
  • 38
    Howe HL,Jamison M,Havener L,Chen VW,Ries LAG. Site-specific comparison of Summary Stage 1977 and Summary Stage 2000 coding, vol 2006. Available at URL: http://www.naaccr.org/index.asp?Col_SectionKey=11&Col_ ContentID=397 Accessed July 6, 2007.
  • 39
    Klein R,Schoenborn C. Age adjustment using the 2000 projected U.S. population. In: National Center for Health Statistics, editor.Healthy People 2010 Statistical Notes. Hyattsville, Md: National Center for Health Statistics; 2001.
  • 40
    Ogunwole SU. We the People: American Indians and Alaska Natives in the United States Census 2000 Special Reports (CENSR-28). Volume 2007. Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau; 2006.
  • 41
    Kim HJ,Fay MP,Feuer EJ,Midthune DN. Permutation tests for joinpoint regression with applications to cancer rates. Stat Med. 2000; 19: 335351.
  • 42
    Clegg LX,Feuer EJ,Midthune DN,Fay MP,Hankey BF. Impact of reporting delay and reporting error on cancer incidence rates and trends. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2002; 94: 15371545.
  • 43
    Research Triangle Institute. SUDAAN User's Manual. Professional Software for Survey Data Analysis. 9th ed. Research Triangle Park, NC: Research Triangle Institute; 2003.
  • 44
    Schenker N,Gentleman JF. On judging the significance of differences by examining the overlap between confidence intervals. Am Statistician. 2001; 55: 182186.
  • 45
    Seattle Indian Health Board-Urban Indian Health Institute. The Health Status of Urban American Indians and Alaska Natives: An Analysis of Select Vital Records and Census Data Sources, 2004. Available at URL: http://www.uihi.net/Public%20Documents1/UIHI%20Publications/2004HealthStatusReport.pdf Accessed May 18, 2007.
  • 46
    Swan J,Breen N,Coates RJ,Rimer BK,Lee NC. Progress in cancer screening practices in the United States: results from the 2000 National Health Interview Survey. Cancer. 2003; 97: 15281540.
  • 47
    Vogelaar I,van Ballegooijen M,Schrag D, et al. How much can current interventions reduce colorectal cancer mortality in the U.S.? Mortality projections for scenarios of risk-factor modification, screening, and treatment. Cancer. 2006; 107: 16241633.
  • 48
    Gross CP,Andersen MS,Krumholz HM,McAvay GJ,Proctor D,Tinetti ME. Relation between Medicare screening reimbursement and stage at diagnosis for older patients with colon cancer. JAMA. 2006; 296: 28152822.
  • 49
    Robertson RH,Burkhardt JH,Powell MP,Eloubeidi MA,Pisu M,Weissman NW. Trends in colon cancer screening procedures in the U.S. Medicare and Tricare populations: 1999–2001. Prev Med. 2006; 42: 460462.
  • 50
    Mandel JS,Bond JH,Church TR, et al. Reducing mortality from colorectal cancer by screening for fecal occult blood. Minnesota Colon Cancer Control Study. N Engl J Med. 1993; 328: 13651371.
  • 51
    Winawer S,Fletcher R,Rex D, et al. Colorectal cancer screening and surveillance: clinical guidelines and rationale–update based on new evidence. Gastroenterology. 2003; 124: 544560.
  • 52
    Phillips KA,Liang SY,Ladabaum U, et al. Trends in colonoscopy for colorectal cancer screening. Med Care. 2007; 45: 160167.
  • 53
    Jemal A,Ward E,Thun MJ. Contemporary lung cancer trends among U.S. women. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2005; 14: 582585.
  • 54
    Jemal A,Travis WD,Tarone RE,Travis L,Devesa SS. Lung cancer rates convergence in young men and women in the United States: analysis by birth cohort and histologic type. Int J Cancer. 2003; 105: 101107.
  • 55
    Ries L,Melbert D,Krapcho M, et al. SEER cancer statistics review, 1975–2004 [Based on November 2006 SEER data submission; posted to the SEER web site, 2007]. Bethesda, Md: National Cancer Institute, 2006. Available at URL: http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2004/ Accessed April 13, 2007.
  • 56
    Baade PD,Coory MD,Aitken JF. International trends in prostate-cancer mortality: the decrease is continuing and spreading. Cancer Causes Control. 2004; 15: 237241.
  • 57
    Oliver SE,May MT,Gunnell D. International trends in prostate-cancer mortality in the “PSA ERA.” Int J Cancer. 2001; 92: 893898.
  • 58
    Barry MJ. Clinical practice. Prostate-specific-antigen testing for early diagnosis of prostate cancer. N Engl J Med. 2001; 344: 13731377.
  • 59
    Harris R,Lohr KN. Screening for prostate cancer: an update of the evidence for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Ann Intern Med. 2002; 137: 917929.
  • 60
    Shaw PA,Etzioni R,Zeliadt SB, et al. An ecologic study of prostate-specific antigen screening and prostate cancer mortality in nine geographic areas of the United States. Am J Epidemiol. 2004; 160: 10591069.
  • 61
    Feuer EJ,Mariotto A,Merrill R. Modeling the impact of the decline in distant stage disease on prostate carcinoma mortality rates. Cancer. 2002; 95: 870880.
  • 62
    Messing EM,Manola J,Sarosdy M,Wilding G,Crawford ED,Trump D. Immediate hormonal therapy compared with observation after radical prostatectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy in men with node-positive prostate cancer. N Engl J Med. 1999; 341: 17811788.
  • 63
    Demers RY,Tiwari A,Wei J,Weiss LK,Severson RK,Montie J. Trends in the utilization of androgen-deprivation therapy for patients with prostate carcinoma suggest an effect on mortality. Cancer. 2001; 92: 23092317.
  • 64
    Seidenfeld J,Samson DJ,Aronson N, et al. Relative effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of methods of androgen suppression in the treatment of advanced prostate cancer. Evid Rep Technol Assess (Summ). 1999; 4: ix,1–246,I1–36, passim.
  • 65
    Bolla M,Gonzalez D,Warde P, et al. Improved survival in patients with locally advanced prostate cancer treated with radiotherapy and goserelin. N Engl J Med. 1997; 337: 295300.
  • 66
    Platz EA,Leitzmann MF,Visvanathan K, et al. Statin drugs and risk of advanced prostate cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2006; 98: 18191825.
  • 67
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Use of Mammograms Among Women Aged > 40 Years—United States, 2000–2005. MMWR Morb Moral Weekly Rep. 2007; 56: 4951.
  • 68
    Jemal A,Ward E,Thun MJ. Recent trends in breast cancer incidence rates by age and tumor characteristics among U.S. women. Breast Cancer Res. 2007; 9: R28.
  • 69
    Ravdin PM,Cronin KA,Howlader N, et al. The decrease in breast-cancer incidence in 2003 in the United States. N Engl J Med. 2007; 356: 16701674.
  • 70
    Breen N,Cronin KA,Meissner HI, et al. Reported drop in mammography: is this cause for concern? Cancer. 2007; 109: 24052409.
  • 71
    Stewart SL,Sabatino SL,Foster SL,Richardson LC. Decline in breast cancer incidence rates in the United States, 1999–2003. Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2007; 56: 549553.
  • 72
    Swan J,Breen N,Burhansstipanov L, et al. Cancer screening and risk factor rates among American Indians. Am J Public Health. 2006; 96: 340350.
  • 73
    Mokbel K. Contemporary treatment of ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast. Med Sci Monitor. 2005; 11: RA86RA93.
  • 74
    Beral V,Bull D,Green J,Reeves G. Ovarian cancer and hormone replacement therapy in the Million Women Study. Lancet. 2007; 369: 17031710.
  • 75
    Bray F,Loos AH,Tognazzo S,La Vecchia C. Ovarian cancer in Europe: cross-sectional trends in incidence and mortality in 28 countries, 1953–2000. Int J Cancer. 2005; 113: 977990.
  • 76
    Gnagy S,Ming EE,Devesa SS,Hartge P,Whittemore AS. Declining ovarian cancer rates in U.S. women in relation to parity and oral contraceptive use. Epidemiology. 2000; 11: 102105.
  • 77
    Hollingsworth JM,Miller DC,Daignault S,Hollenbeck BK. Rising incidence of small renal masses: a need to reassess treatment effect. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2006; 98: 13311334.
  • 78
    Jayson M,Sanders H. Increased incidence of serendipitously discovered renal cell carcinoma. Urology. 1998; 51: 203205.
  • 79
    Clarke CA,Glaser SL. Changing incidence of non-Hodgkin lymphomas in the United States. Cancer. 2002; 94: 20152023.
  • 80
    Clarke CA,Glaser SL. Epidemiologic trends in HIV-associated lymphomas. Curr Opin Oncol. 2001; 13: 354359.
  • 81
    Clarke CA,Undurraga DM,Harasty PJ,Glaser SL,Morton LM,Holly EA. Changes in cancer registry coding for lymphoma subtypes: reliability over time and relevance for surveillance and study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2006; 15: 630638.
  • 82
    Morton LM,Wang SS,Devesa SS,Hartge P,Weisenburger DD,Linet MS. Lymphoma incidence patterns by WHO subtype in the United States, 1992–2001. Blood. 2006; 107: 265276.
  • 83
    Davies L,Welch HG. Increasing incidence of thyroid cancer in the United States, 1973–2002. JAMA. 2006; 295: 21642167.
  • 84
    Jemal A,Devesa SS,Hartge P,Tucker MA. Recent trends in cutaneous melanoma incidence among whites in the United States. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2001; 93: 678683.
  • 85
    McGlynn KA,Tarone RE,El-Serag HB. A comparison of trends in the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma in the United States. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2006; 15: 11981203.
  • 86
    London WT,McGlynn KA. Liver cancer. In: SchottenfeldD, FraumeniJ, editors. Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention. New York: Oxford University Press; 2006: 763786.
  • 87
    Perz JF,Armstrong GL,Farrington LA,Hutin YJ,Bell BP. The contributions of hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus infections to cirrhosis and primary liver cancer worldwide. J Hepatol. 2006; 45: 529538.
  • 88
    Chen MSJr. Cancer health disparities among Asian Americans: what we do and what we need to do. Cancer. 2005; 104( 12 suppl): 28952902.
  • 89
    Swan J,Edwards BK. Cancer rates among American Indians and Alaska Natives: is there a national perspective? Cancer. 2003; 98: 12621272.
  • 90
    Lanier AP,Kelly JJ,Maxwell J,McEvoy T,Homan C. Cancer in Alaska Native people, 1969–2003. Alaska Med. 2006; 48: 3059.
  • 91
    Kelly JJ,Lanier AP,Alberts S,Wiggins CL. Differences in cancer incidence among Indians in Alaska and New Mexico and U.S. whites, 1993–2002. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2006; 15: 15151519.
  • 92
    Puukka E,Stehr-Green P,Becker TM. Measuring the health status gap for American Indians/Alaska Natives: getting closer to the truth. Am J Public Health. 2005; 95: 838843.
  • 93
    Gilliland FD,Mahler R,Davis SM. Non-ceremonial tobacco use among southwestern rural American Indians: the New Mexico American Indian Behavioural Risk Factor Survey. Tob Control. 1998; 7: 156160.
  • 94
    Peterson E,Fenaughty A,Eberhart-Phillips J. Tobacco in the Great Land: A Portrait of Alaska's Leading Cause of Death. Anchorage, Alaska: Section of Epidemiology, Division of Public Health, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services; 2004. Available at URL: http://www.epi. hss.state.ak.us/pubs/tobacco04/t04_complete.pdf Accessed May 19, 2007.
  • 95
    Key CR. Cancer incidence and mortality in New Mexico, 1973–77. In: YoungJLJr, PercyCL, AsireAI, editors. Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results: Incidence and Mortality Data, 1973–77. NCI Monograph 57, NIH Publication No. 81-2330. Bethesda, Md: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute; 1981.
  • 96
    Nutting PA,Freeman WL,Risser DR, et al. Cancer incidence among American Indians and Alaska Natives, 1980 through 1987. Am J Public Health. 1993; 83: 15891598.
  • 97
    Sievers ML. Cigarette and alcohol usage by southwestern American Indians. Am J Public Health Nations Health. 1968; 58: 7182.
  • 98
    DeStefano F,Coulehan JL,Wiant MK. Blood pressure survey on the Navajo Indian reservation. Am J Epidemiol. 1979; 109: 335345.
  • 99
    Samet JM,Kutvirt DM,Waxweiler RJ,Key CR. Uranium mining and lung cancer in Navajo men. N Engl J Med. 1984; 310: 14811484.
  • 100
    Gilliland FD,Hunt WC,Pardilla M,Key CR. Uranium mining and lung cancer among Navajo men in New Mexico and Arizona, 1969 to 1993. J Occup Environ Med. 2000; 42: 278283.
  • 101
    Akhter M,Nishino Y,Nakaya N, et al. Cigarette smoking and the risk of colorectal cancer among men: a prospective study in Japan. Eur J Cancer Prev. 2007; 16: 102107.
  • 102
    Chao A,Thun MJ,Jacobs EJ,Henley SJ,Rodriguez C,Calle EE. Cigarette smoking and colorectal cancer mortality in the Cancer Prevention Study II. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2000; 92: 18881896.
  • 103
    Zisman AL,Nickolov A,Brand RE,Gorchow A,Roy HK. Associations between the age at diagnosis and location of colorectal cancer and the use of alcohol and tobacco: implications for screening. Arch Intern Med. 2006; 166: 629634.
  • 104
    Larsson SC,Orsini N,Wolk A. Diabetes mellitus and risk of colorectal cancer: a meta-analysis. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2005; 97: 16791687.
  • 105
    Larsson SC,Giovannucci E,Wolk A. Diabetes and colorectal cancer incidence in the cohort of Swedish men. Diabetes Care. 2005; 28: 18051807.
  • 106
    Limburg PJ,Vierkant RA,Fredericksen ZS, et al. Clinically confirmed type 2 diabetes mellitus and colorectal cancer risk: a population-based, retrospective cohort study. Am J Gastroenterol. 2006; 101: 18721879.
    Direct Link:
  • 107
    Acton KJ,Burrows NR,Moore K,Querec L,Geiss LS,Engelgau MM. Trends in diabetes prevalence among American Indian and Alaska native children, adolescents, and young adults. Am J Public Health. 2002; 92: 14851490.
  • 108
    Burrows NR,Geiss LS,Engelgau MM,Acton KJ. Prevalence of diabetes among Native Americans and Alaska Natives, 1990–1997: an increasing burden. Diabetes Care. 2000; 23: 17861790.
  • 109
    Acton KJ. The Many Voices of the Special Diabetes Program for Indians: Reflections on the Past, Directions for the Future, 2006. Presentation for the 2006 IHS Division of Diabetes Treatment and Prevention Regional Meetings. Available at URL: http://www.ihs.gov/MedicalPrograms/diabetes/[regional_mtg_kaps2006.asp Accessed June 14, 2007.
  • 110
    Schraag J. She'll do—quite well! Pioneering the murky waters of nurse practitioner-led screening colonoscopies [electronic resource]. EndoNurse 2006. Available at URL: http://www.endonurse.com/articles/6c1feat3. Accessed May 10, 2007.
  • 111
    Meltzer W. Nurses doing flexible sigmoidoscopy and colonscopy [electronic resource]. Outpatient Surg. Available at URL: http://www.outpatientsurgery.net/2004/os05/nurses_flexible_sigmoidoscopy_colonoscopy.php Accessed May 10, 2007.
  • 112
    Yip R,Limburg PJ,Ahlquist DA, et al. Pervasive occult gastrointestinal bleeding in an Alaska native population with prevalent iron deficiency. Role of Helicobacter pylori gastritis. JAMA. 1997; 277: 11351139.
  • 113
    Kaur JS,Roubidoux MA,Sloan J,Novotny P. Can the Gail model be useful in American Indian and Alaska Native populations? Cancer. 2004; 100: 906912.
  • 114
    Moore LE,Wilson RT,Campleman SL. Lifestyle factors, exposures, genetic susceptibility, and renal cell cancer risk: a review. Cancer Invest. 2005; 23: 240255.
  • 115
    Farivar-Mohseni H,Perlmutter AE,Wilson S,Shingleton WB,Bigler SA,Fowler JEJr. Renal cell carcinoma and end stage renal disease. J Urol. 2006; 175: 20182020; discussion 2021.
  • 116
    Narva AS. The spectrum of kidney disease in American Indians. Kidney Int. 2003; 83( suppl): S3S7.
  • 117
    Shaffer EA. Gallstone disease: epidemiology of gallbladder stone disease. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2006; 20: 981996.
  • 118
    Everhart JE,Yeh F,Lee ET, et al. Prevalence of gallbladder disease in American Indian populations: findings from the Strong Heart Study. Hepatology. 2002; 35: 15071512.
  • 119
    Hsing H,Rashid A,Devesa SS,Fraumeni J. Biliary tract cancer. In: SchottenfeldD, FraumeniJ, editors. Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2006.
  • 120
    Barakat J,Dunkelberg JC,Ma TY. Changing patterns of gallbladder carcinoma in New Mexico. Cancer. 2006; 106: 434440.
  • 121
    Wiggins CL,Becker TM,Key CR,Samet JM. Stomach cancer among New Mexico's American Indians, Hispanic whites, and non-Hispanic whites. Cancer Res. 1989; 49: 15951599.
  • 122
    Alberts SR,Kelly JJ,Lanier AP,Sacco F. Occurrence of esophageal and gastric cancer in Alaska Natives, 1969–2003. Alaska Med. 2006; 48: 211.
  • 123
    Correa P. Helicobacter pylori infection and gastric cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2003; 12: 238s241s.
  • 124
    Bernstein CN,McKeown I,Embil JM, et al. Seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori, incidence of gastric cancer, and peptic ulcer-associated hospitalizations in a Canadian Indian population. Dig Dis Sci. 1999; 44: 668674.
  • 125
    Gammon M,Schoenberg J,Ahsan H, et al. Tobacco, alcohol, and socioeconomic status and adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1997; 89: 12771284.
  • 126
    Sasazuki S,Sasaki S,Tsugane S. Cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption and subsequent gastric cancer risk by subsite and histologic type. Int J Cancer. 2002; 101: 560566.
  • 127
    Lagergren J,Bergstrom R,Nyren O. Association between body mass and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and gastric cardia. Ann Intern Med. 1999; 130: 883890.
  • 128
    Indian Health Service. Trends in Indian Health, 1998–1999. Rockville, Md: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Indian Health Service; 2000.
  • 129
    Bialek S,Redd JT,Lynch ACF, et al. Chronic liver disease among 2 American Indian patient populations in the Southwestern United States: 2000–2003. J Clin Gastroenterol. In press.
  • 130
    Rawls RA,Vega KJ. Viral hepatitis in minority America. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2005; 39: 144151.
  • 131
    Anderson RN,Smith BL. Deaths: leading causes for 2002. Natl Vital Stat Rep. 2005; 53: 189.
  • 132
    Dennis TD. Cancer stage at diagnosis, treatment, and survival among American Indians and non-American Indians in Montana. Cancer. 2000; 89: 181186.
  • 133
    Bleed DM,Risser DR,Sperry S,Hellhake D,Helgerson SD. Cancer incidence and survival among American Indians registered for Indian health service care in Montana, 1982–1987. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1992; 84: 15001505.
  • 134
    Brown MO,Lanier AP,Becker TM. Colorectal cancer incidence and survival among Alaska Natives, 1969–1993. Int J Epidemiol. 1998; 27: 388396.
  • 135
    Lanier AP,Holck P,Kelly J,Smith B,McEvoy T. Alaska Native cancer survival. Alaska Med. 2001; 43: 6169,83.
  • 136
    Clegg LX,Li FP,Hankey BF,Chu K,Edwards BK. Cancer survival among US whites and minorities: a SEER (Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results) Program population-based study. Arch Intern Med. 2002; 162: 19851993.
  • 137
    Frost F,Tollestrup K,Hunt WC,Gilliland F,Key CR,Urbina CE. Breast cancer survival among New Mexico Hispanic, American Indian, and non-Hispanic white women (1973–1992). Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1996; 5: 861866.
  • 138
    Becker SA,Affonso DD,Beard MB. Talking circles: Northern Plains tribes American Indian women's views of cancer as a health issue. Public Health Nurs. 2006; 23: 2736.
  • 139
    Burhansstipanov L. Community-driven Native American cancer survivors' quality of life research priorities. J Cancer Educ. 2005; 20( 1 suppl): 711.
  • 140
    Burhansstipanov L,Tenney M,Russell S,Bad Wound D,Plomer K. Overview of the Native American Cancer Conference III. Risk factors, outreach and intervention strategies. Cancer. 1996; 78( 7 suppl): 15271532.
  • 141
    Cunningham-Sabo L,Davis SM. Pathways to health. A health promotion and cancer prevention project for American Indian youth. Alaska Med. 1993; 35: 275278,296.
  • 142
    Gorin SS,Heck JE,Cheng B,Smith SJ. Delays in breast cancer diagnosis and treatment by racial/ethnic group. Arch Intern Med. 2006; 166: 22442252.
  • 143
    Allgar VL,Neal RD. Delays in the diagnosis of six cancers: analysis of data from the National Survey of NHS Patients: Cancer. Br J Cancer. 2005; 92: 19591970.
  • 144
    Chao A,Becker TM,Jordan SW,Darling R,Gilliland FD,Key CR. Decreasing rates of cervical cancer among American Indians and Hispanics in New Mexico (United States). Cancer Causes Control. 1996; 7: 205213.
  • 145
    Indian Health Service. Indian Health Service fact sheet. Available at URL: http://www.ihs.gov/PublicInfo/PublicAffairs/Welcome_Info/ThisFacts.asp, 2006 Accessed May 8, 2007.
  • 146
    Allison MT,Rivers PA,Fottler MD. Future public health delivery models for Native American tribes. Public Health. 2007; 121: 296307.
  • 147
    Sievers ML,Cohen SL. Lung cancer among Indians of the southwestern United States. Ann Intern Med. 1961; 54: 912915.
  • 148
    Lee BJ. The incidence of cancer among the Indians in the southwest Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1930; 50: 4:196–199.
  • 149
    Palmer EP. Incidence of cancer among Indians of the United States and Canada with specific reference to Arizona. Acta Unio Int Cancrum. 1953; 9: 373391.
  • 150
    Johnson M. Lung cancer among the Alaska Natives. In: Science in Alaska, Proceedings of the 15th Alaskan Science Conference (1964). Washington, DC: American Association for the Advancement of Science, Alaska Division; 1965: 110114.
  • 151
    Waxman AG. Colposcopy training for IHS providers: a strategy for improving cervical cancer screening in Native Americans. IHS Provider. 1992; 17: 4143.
  • 152
    Waxman AG,Inkret W. Teaching colposcopy on the Navajo Indian Reservation. Colposcopist. 1991; 23: 12.
  • 153
    Hampton JW,Keala J,Luce P. Overview of National Cancer Institute networks for cancer control research in Native American populations. Cancer. 1996; 78( 7 suppl): 15451552.
  • 154
    Becker TM,Joe JR,Cobb N, et al. Training for cancer control research: a curriculum for Native researchers. J Cancer Edu. 1999; 14: 233237.
  • 155
    Kaur JS,Dignan M,Burhansstipanov L,Baukol P,Claus C. The “Spirit of Eagles” legacy. Cancer. 2006; 107( 8 suppl): 19871994.
  • 156
    Becker TM,Lambert L,Puukka E,Stehr-Green P,Johnson CJ. Survival after cancer diagnosis among North-west American Indians/Alaska Natives. J Registry Manage. 2005; 32: 7678.
  • 157
    Given LS,Black B,Lowry G,Huang P,Kerner JF. Collaborating to conquer cancer: a comprehensive approach to cancer control. Cancer Causes Control. 2005; 16( Suppl 1): 314.
  • 158
    Gomez SL,Glaser SL. Misclassification of race/ethnicity in a population-based cancer registry (United States). Cancer Causes Control. 2006; 17: 771781.
  • 159
    Clegg LX,Reichman ME,Hankey BF, et al. Quality of race, Hispanic ethnicity, and immigrant status in population-based cancer registry data: implications for health disparity studies. Cancer Causes Control. 2007; 18: 177187.
  • 160
    Link MW,Battaglia MP,Frankel MR,Osborn L,Mokdad AH. Address-based versus random-digit-dial surveys: comparison of key health and risk indicators. Am J Epidemiol. 2006; 164: 10191025.
  • 161
    Wilson-Stronks A,Galvez E. Hospitals, Language and Culture: A Snapshot of the Nation. The Joint Commission, 2007. Available at URL: http://www.jointcommission.org/NR/rdonlyres/E64E5E89-5734-4D1D-BB4D-C4ACD4BF8BD3/0/hlcpaper.pdf Accessed May 10, 2007.
  • 162
    Rosenberg HM,Maurer JD,Sorlie PD, et al. Quality of death rates by race and Hispanic origin: a summary of current research, 1999. Vital Health Stat 2. 1999; 128: 113.
  • 163
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Tobacco use among adults—United States, 2005. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2006; 55: 11451148.