The Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU) and Dr. Beer have a significant financial interest in Novacea, Inc, a company that may have a commercial interest in the results of this research and technology. This potential conflict was reviewed and a management plan approved by the OHSU Conflict of Interest in Research Committee and the Integrity Program Oversight Council was implemented.
The following were participating investigators who are not included among the authors. Canada (Investigators of the Canadian Urologic Oncology Group): Scott Berry (Toronto-Sunnybrook Regional Cancer Centre, Toronto, Ontario), Piotr Czaykowski (CancerCare Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba), D. Scott Ernst (London Regional Cancer Centre, London, Ontario), Malcolm Moore (Princess Margaret Hospital-University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario), and Fred Saad (Centre Hospitalier de I'Université de Montréal Hôpital Notre-Dame, Montréal, Qué bec). U.S.: Frederick R. Ahmann (University of Arizona Cancer Center, Tucson, AZ), Ari D. Baron (California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, CA), William R. Berry (Raleigh Hematology Oncology Clinic, Cary, NC), Maria B. Bishop (Southern Arizona VA Health Care Sustek, Tucson, AZ), James A. Brown (Associates in Oncology/Hematology, Rockville, MD), Michael A. Carducci (The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD), Tarek A. Chidiac (Mid-Ohio Oncology/Hematology, Inc, Columbus, OH), Luis Chu (Oncology Hematology Consultants, Sarasota, FL), Steven L. Davidson (Montgomery Cancer Center, Montgomery, AL), Robert Dreicer (The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH), David M. Ellison (Charleston Hematology Oncology, Charleston, SC), Louis Fehrenbacher (Kaiser Permanente Medical Center, Vallejo, CA), Patrick J. Flynn (Metro-Minnesota CCOP, St. Louis Park, MN), Michael S. Gordon (Arizona Cancer Center, Scottsdale, AZ), Leland M. Green (Tower Cancer Research Foundation, Beverly Hills, CA), Ralph J. Hauke (University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE), Celestia S. Higano (Seattle Cancer Care Alliance, Seattle, WA), David H. Irwin (Alta Bates Comprehensive Cancer Center, Berkeley, CA), Vahan S. Kassabian (Georgia Oncology, Atlanta, GA), Manish Kohli (Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare System, Little Rock, AR), Primo N. Lara, Jr (University of California, Davis Cancer Center, Sacramento, CA), Ellis G. Levine (Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY), Timothy M. Lopez (New Mexico Cancer Center Associates, Santa Fe, NM), Joseph J. Muscato (Missouri Cancer Associates, Columbia, MO), Ira A. Oliff (Midwest Cancer Research Group, Skokie, IL), Ray D. Page (Texas Cancer Care, Fort Worth, TX), Jonathan A. Polikoff (Southern California Permanente Medical Group, San Diego, CA), Mark U. Rarick (Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, OR), Charles H. Redfern (Sharp Health- Care, San Diego, CA), Donald A. Richards (Tyler Cancer Center, Tyler, TX), Mansoor N. Saleh (Georgia Cancer Specialists, Tucker, GA), Michael A. Savin (Texas Cancer Center at Medical City, Dallas, TX), Mark C. Scholz (Prostate Oncology Specialists, Marina Del Rey, CA), Rakesh Singal (University of Miami Hospital and Clinics, Miami, FL), Daniel Vicario (San Diego Cancer Center, Vista, CA), David M. Waterhouse (Oncology Hematology Care, Cincinnati, OH), and Furhan Yunus (University of Tennessee Cancer Institute, Memphis, TN).