Three-year analysis of treatment efficacy, cosmesis, and toxicity by the American Society of Breast Surgeons MammoSite Breast Brachytherapy Registry Trial in patients treated with accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI)

Authors


  • Presented at the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 49th Annual Meeting, October 28-November 1, 2007, Los Angeles, California.

Abstract

BACKGROUND.

This report presents 3 years of data on treatment efficacy, cosmetic results, and toxicities for patients enrolled on the American Society of Breast Surgeons MammoSite (Cytyc, Bedford, Mass) Breast Brachytherapy Registry Trial.

METHODS.

A total of 1440 patients (1449 cases) with early stage breast cancer who were undergoing breast-conserving therapy were treated with the MammoSite device to deliver accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) (34 Gy in 3.4 Gy fractions). Of these, 1255 (87%) cases had invasive breast cancer (IBC; median size = 10 mm), and 194 (13%) cases had ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS; median size = 8 mm). Median follow-up was 30.1 months.

RESULTS.

Twenty-three (1.6%) cases developed an ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) for a 2-year actuarial rate of 1.04% (1.11% for IBC and 0.59% for DCIS). No variables were associated with IBTR. Six (0.4%) patients developed an axillary failure. The percentages of breasts with good to excellent cosmetic results at 12 (n = 980), 24 (n = 752), 36 (n = 403), and 48 months (n = 67 cases) were 95%, 94%, 93%, and 93%, respectively. Breast seromas were reported in 23.9% of cases (30% in open-cavity implants and 19% in closed-cavity implants). Symptomatic seromas occurred in 10.6% of cases, and 1.5% of cases developed fat necrosis. A subset analysis of the first 400 consecutive cases enrolled was performed (352 with IBC, 48 DCIS). With a median follow-up of 37.5 months, the 3-year actuarial rate of IBTR was 1.79%.

CONCLUSIONS.

Treatment efficacy, cosmesis, and toxicity 3 years after treatment with APBI using the MammoSite device are good and similar to those reported with other forms of APBI with similar follow-up. Cancer 2008. © 2008 American Cancer Society.

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