SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Cancer-Preventive Strategies. IARC Handbooks of Cancer Prevention. Vol 7:Breast Cancer Screening. Lyon, France: IARC Press; 2002.
  • 2
    Stewart B,Kleihues PE. World Cancer Report. Lyon, France: IARC Press; 2003.
  • 3
    Jones L,Chilton JA,Hajek RA,Iammarino N,Laufman L. Between and within: international perspectives on cancer health disparities. J Clin Oncol. 2006; 24: 22042208.
  • 4
    Parkin DM,Bray F,Ferlay J,Pisani P. Global cancer statistics, 2002. CA Cancer J Clin. 2005; 55: 74108.
  • 5
    Ferlay J,Bray F,Pisani P,Parkin DM.GLOBOCAN 2002: Cancer Incidence, Mortality and Prevalence Worldwide. IARC Cancer Base No. 5, Version 2.0. Lyon, France: IARC Press; 2004. Available at:http://www-dep.iarc.fr/. Accessed December 12, 2007.
  • 6
    CuradoMP,EdwardsB,ShinHR, et al, eds. Cancer Incidence in Five Continents, Vol IX.IARC Scientific Publications No. 160, Lyon, France: IARC Press; 2007.
  • 7
    Organizing Committee and Collaborators, Falun Meeting, Falun, Sweden. Breast cancer screening with mammography in women aged 40–49 years. Int J Cancer. 1996; 68: 693699.
  • 8
    Hendrick RE,Smith RA,Rutledge JH3rd,Smart CR. Benefit of screening mammography in women aged 40-49: a new meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1997; 22: 8792.
  • 9
    Humphrey LL,Helfand M,Chan BK,Woolf SH. Breast cancer screening: a summary of the evidence for the US Preventive Services Task Force. Ann Intern Med. 2002; 137: 347360.
  • 10
    Tabar L,Vitak B,Tony HH,Yen MF,Duffy SW,Smith RA. Beyond randomized controlled trials: organized mammographic screening substantially reduces breast carcinoma mortality. Cancer. 2001; 91: 17241731.
  • 11
    Paci E,Duffy SW,Giorgi D, et al. Quantification of the effect of mammographic screening on fatal breast cancers: the Florence Programme 1990-96. Br J Cancer. 2002; 87: 6569.
  • 12
    Tabar L,Yen MF,Vitak B,Chen HH,Smith RA,Duffy SW. Mammography service screening and mortality in breast cancer patients: 20-year follow-up before and after introduction of screening. Lancet. 2003; 361: 14051410.
  • 13
    Institute of Medicine. Cancer Control Opportunities in Low and Middle Income Countries. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2006.
  • 14
    International Atomic Energy Agency. Millions of cancer victims in developing countries lack access to life-saving radiotherapy. Vienna, Austria: IAEA; 2003. Available at:http://www.iaea.org/NewsCenter/PressReleases/2003/prn200311.html. Accessed January 23, 2008.
  • 15
    El Saghir NS,Khalil M,Eid T, et al. Trends in epidemiology and management of breast cancer in developing Arab countries: a literature and registry analysis. Int J Surg. 2007; 5: 225233.
  • 16
    Fowler BA,Rodney M,Roberts S,Broadus L. Collaborative breast health intervention for African American women of lower socioeconomic status. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2005; 32: 12071216.
  • 17
    Flax VL,Earp JL. Counseled women's perspectives on their interactions with lay health advisors: a feasibility study. Health Educ Res. 1999; 14: 1524.
  • 18
    Chen L,Evans T,Anad S, et al. Human resources for health: overcoming the crisis. Lancet. 2004; 364: 19841990.
  • 19
    Narasimhan V,Brown H,Pablos-Mendez A, et al. Responding to the global human resources crisis. Lancet. 2004; 363: 14691472.
  • 20
    Pang T,Lansang MA,Haines A. Brain drain and health professionals. BMJ. 2002; 324: 499500.
  • 21
    International Labour Office. Terms of Employment and Working Conditions in Health Sector Reforms: Joint Meeting of the International Labour Office. Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Office; 1999.
  • 22
    Buchan J,Ball J,O'May F. If changing skill mix is the answer,what is the question? Health Serv Res. 2001; 6: 233238.
  • 23
    Horrocks S,Anderson E,Salisbury C. Systematic review of whether nurse practitioners working in primary care can provide equivalent care to doctors. BMJ. 2002; 324: 819823.
  • 24
    World Health Organization. Mid-Level and Nurse Practitioners in the Pacific: Models and Issues. Manila, Philippines: World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific; 2001.
  • 25
    World Health Organization. Making the most of existing health workers, Chapter 4. In: The World Health Report 2006–Working Together For Health. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2006: 68.
  • 26
    Lam W,Fielding R,Chan M,Chow L,Or A. Gambling with your life: the process of breast cancer treatment decision making in Chinese women. Psycho-oncology. 2004; 14: 115.
  • 27
    KEll,Vourlekis B,Lee PJ,Xie B. Patient navigation and case management following an abnormal mammogram: a randomized clinical trial. Prev Med. 2007; 44: 2633.
  • 28
    Freeman HP,Muth BJ,Kerner JF. Expanding access to cancer screening and clinical follow-up among the medically underserved. Cancer Pract. 1995; 3: 1930.
  • 29
    Ell K,Vourlekis B,Muderspach L, et al. Abnormal cervical screen follow-up among low-income Latinas: Project SAFE. J Womens Health Gend Based Med. 2002; 11: 639651.
  • 30
    Frelix GD,Rosenblatt R,Solomon M,Vikram B. Breast cancer screening in underserved women in the Bronx. J Natl Med Assoc. 1999; 91: 195200.
  • 31
    Ell K,Padgett D,Vourlekis B, et al. Abnormal mammogram follow-up: a pilot study women with low income. Cancer Pract. 2002; 10: 130138.
  • 32
    Weinrich SP,Boyd MD,Weinrich M,Greene F,Reynolds WAJr,Metlin C. Increasing prostate cancer screening in African American men with peer-educator and client-navigator interventions. J Cancer Educ. 1998; 13: 213219.
  • 33
    Dohan D,Schrag D. Using navigators to improve care of underserved patients. Cancer. 2005; 104: 848855.
  • 34
    National Cancer Institute. The NCI Patient Navigator Research Program: fact sheet. Bethesda, Md: National Cancer Institute. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/PatientNavigatorPosted. Accessed November 15, 2007.
  • 35
    Freeman H. Patient navigation: a community centered approach to reducing cancer mortality. J Cancer Educ. 2006; 21: S11S14.
  • 36
    Steinberg M,Fremont A,Khan D, et al. Lay patient navigator program implementation for equal access to cancer care and clinical trials. Cancer. 2006; 107: 26692677.
  • 37
    Brown ML,Goldie SJ,Draisma G,Harford J,Lipscomb J. Health service interventions for cancer control in developing countries. In: Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, 2nd ed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2006: 569590.
  • 38
    Huffman EK,Finnegan R,Amatayakul MK. Computerization of Master Patient Index. Medical Record Management. 9th Revision. Berwyn, Ill: Physicians' Record Company; 1990: 3335.
  • 39
    World Health Organization, Regional Office for the Western Pacific. Medical Records Manual: A Guide for Developing Countries. Manila, Philippines: World Health Organization; 2006.
  • 40
    International Atomic Energy Agency. Millions of cancer victims in developing countries lack access to life-saving radiotherapy. Vienna, Austria: IAEA; 2003. Available at: http://www.iaea.org/NewsCenter/PressReleases/2003/prn200311.html. Accessed December 2, 2007.
  • 41
    Institute of Medicine. Interpreting the Volume-Outcome Relationship in the Context of Cancer Care. National Cancer Policy Board. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2001.
  • 42
    Ekortarl C,Ndom P,Sacks A. A study of patients who appear with far advanced cancer at Yaounde General Hospital, Cameroon, Africa. Psycho-oncology. 2007; 16: 255257.
  • 43
    Hjortsberg C. Why do the sick not utilise health care? The case of Zambia. Health Econ. 2003; 12: 755770.
  • 44
    Jowett M,Deolalikar A,Martinsson P. Health insurance and treatment seeking behaviour: evidence from a low-income country. Health Econ. 2004; 13: 845857.
  • 45
    Institute of Medicine. Care without Coverage. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2002.
  • 46
    Buchmueller TC,Grumbach K,Kronick R,Kahn JG. The effect of health insurance on medical care utilization and implications for insurance expansion: a review of the literature. Med Care Res Rev. 2005; 62: 330.
  • 47
    Ayanian JZ,Weissman JS,Schneider EC,Ginsburg JA,Zaslavsky AM. Unmet health needs of uninsured adults in the United States. JAMA. 2000; 284: 20612069.
  • 48
    Hadley J. Sicker and poorer: the consequences of being uninsured. Med Care Res Rev. 2003; 60( 2 suppl): 3S75S.
  • 49
    World Health Organization. The World Health Report 2000. Health Systems: Improving Performance. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2000.
  • 50
    Ke X,Evans D,Kawabata K,Zeramdini R,Klavus J,Murray CJL. Household catastrophic health expenditure: a multicountry analysis. Lancet. 2003; 362: 111117.
  • 51
    Russell S. Can Households Afford to be Ill? The Role of the Health System, Material Resources and Social Networks in Sri Lanka [PhD thesis]. London, United Kingdom: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London; 2001.
  • 52
    Russell S. The economic burden of illness for households: A review of cost of illness and coping strategy studies focusing on malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2004; 71: 147155.
  • 53
    Gertler P,van der Gaag J. The Willingness to Pay for Medical Care: Evidence from Two Developing Countries. Baltimore, Md: The Johns Hopkins University Press; 1990.
  • 54
    Bitran R,McInnes DK. The Demand for Health Care in Latin America: Lessons from the Dominican Republic and El Salvador. Washington, DC: Economic Development Institute of the World Bank; 1993.
  • 55
    Lavy V,Quingley JM. Willingness to Pay for the Quality and Intensity of Medical Care by Low-Income HouseholdsiIn Ghana. Berkeley Program on Housing and Urban Policy, Working Paper Series 1064. Washington, DC: Berkeley Program on Housing and Urban Policy; 2006.
  • 56
    Nyonator F,Kutzin J. Health for some? The effects of user fees in the Volta region of Ghana. Health Policy Plan. 1999; 14: 329341.
  • 57
    Schieber G,Maeda A. Health care financing and delivery in developing countries. Health Affairs. 1999; 18: 193205.
  • 58
    Jutting J. Do community-based health insurance schemes improve poor people's access to health care? Evidence from rural Senegal. World Development. 2004; 32: 273288.
  • 59
    Ekman B. Community-based health insurance in low-income countries: a systematic review of the evidence. Health Policy Plan. 2004; 19: 249270.
  • 60
    Sekhri N,Savedoff W. Regulating private health insurance to serve the public interest: policy issues for developing countries. Int J Health Plann Mgmt. 2006; 21: 357392.
  • 61
    World Health Organization. Access to controlled medications programme: briefing note. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. Available at: http://www.who.int/medicines/areas/quality_safety/access_to_controlled_medications_brnote_english.pdf. Accessed January 22, 2008.
  • 62
    Webster R,Lacey J,Quine S. Palliative care: a public health priority in developing countries. J Public Health Policy. 2007; 28: 2839.
  • 63
    World Health Organization. Cancer Pain Relief and Palliative Care, Technical Report Series 804. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1990.
  • 64
    Taylor A,Gostin L,Pagonis K. Ensuring effective pain treatment a national and global perspective. JAMA. 2008; 299: 8991.
  • 65
    Garner CP,Ding YC,John EM, et al. Genetic variation in IGFBP2 and IGFBP5 is associated with breast cancer in populations of African descent. Hum Genet. 2008; 123: 247255.
  • 66
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Demographic characteristics of persons without a regular source of medical care—selected states, 1995. MMWR Morb MortalWkly Rep. 1998; 47: 277279.
  • 67
    American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine. No health insurance? It's enough to make you sick: scientific research linking the lack of health coverage to poor health. Philadelphia, Pa: American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine; 1999. Available at: http://www.acponline.org/uninsured/index/html. Accessed December 15, 2007.
  • 68
    The News Hour With Jim Lehrer/Kaiser Family Foundation. National survey on the uninsured, 2000 [as cited by the Kaiser Family Foundation]. Uninsured in America: a chart book, 2nd ed. Available at: http://www.kff.org/content/archive/1407/Uninsured%20in%20America.pdf. Accessed November 12, 2007.
  • 69
    Berk M,Schur C,Cantor J. Ability to obtain health care: recent estimates from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation National Access to Care Survey. Health Affairs. 1995; 14: 139146.
  • 70
    McWilliams JM,Meara E,Zaslavsky AM,Ayanian JZ. Health of previously uninsured adults after acquiring medicare coverage. JAMA. 2007; 298: 28862894.
  • 71
    Halpern MT,Bian J,Ward EM,Schrag NM,Chen AY. Insurance status and stage of cancer at diagnosis among women with breast cancer. Cancer. 2007; 110: 403411.
  • 72
    Ayanian JZ,Kohler BA,Toshi A,Epstein AM. The relation between health insurance coverage and clinical outcomes among women with breast cancer. N Engl J Med. 1993; 329: 326331.
  • 73
    Mills A,Rasheed F,Tollman S. Strengthening health systems. In: JamisonDT,BermanJG,MeashamAR, et al, eds. Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries,2nd ed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press/World Bank; 2006: 87102.