Fax: (773) 702-1001
Sex and race in bladder cancer: What we have learned and future directions†
Article first published online: 17 DEC 2008
Copyright © 2008 American Cancer Society
Volume 115, Issue 1, pages 10–12, 1 January 2009
How to Cite
Katz, M. H. and Steinberg, G. D. (2009), Sex and race in bladder cancer: What we have learned and future directions. Cancer, 115: 10–12. doi: 10.1002/cncr.23997
See referenced original article on pages 68–74, this issue.
- Issue published online: 29 DEC 2008
- Article first published online: 17 DEC 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 29 JUL 2008
- Manuscript Received: 28 JUL 2008
After controlling for prognostic variables, women and African Americans present with more advanced bladder cancer and have worse cancer-specific survival than other patient populations. Clinicians must focus on social factors influencing this disparity and on increasing public awareness and education to help standardize the diagnosis and management of bladder cancer for all patients.