• 1
    Abou Youssif T,Kassouf W,Steinberg J,Aprikian AG,Laplante MP,Tanguay S. Active surveillance for selected patients with renal masses: updated results with long-term follow-up. Cancer. 2007; 110: 1010-1014.
  • 2
    Margulis V,Tamboli P,Matin SF,Swanson DA,Wood CG. Analysis of clinicopathologic predictors of oncologic outcome provides insight into the natural history of surgically managed papillary renal cell carcinoma. Cancer. 2008; 112: 1480-1488.
  • 3
    Miller DC,Saigal CS,Banerjee M,Hanley J,Litwin MS. Diffusion of surgical innovation among patients with kidney cancer. Cancer. 2008; 112: 1708-1717.
  • 4
    Novick AC. Partial nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma. Urol Clin North Am. 1987; 14: 419-433.
  • 5
    Patard JJ,Shvarts O,Lam JS, et al. Safety and efficacy of partial nephrectomy for all T1 tumors based on an international multicenter experience. J Urol. 2004; 171(6 pt 1): 2181-2185, quiz 2435.
  • 6
    Aron M,Gill IS. Minimally invasive nephron-sparing surgery (MINSS) for renal tumours part I: laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. Eur Urol. 2007; 51: 337-346, discussion 346-347.
  • 7
    Go AS,Chertow GM,Fan D,McCulloch CE,Hsu CY. Chronic kidney disease and the risks of death, cardiovascular events, and hospitalization. N Engl J Med. 2004; 351: 1296-1305.
  • 8
    Huang WC,Levey AS,Serio AM, et al. Chronic kidney disease after nephrectomy in patients with renal cortical tumours: a retrospective cohort study. Lancet Oncol. 2006; 7: 735-740.
  • 9
    Lau WK,Blute ML,Weaver AL,Torres VE,Zincke H. Matched comparison of radical nephrectomy vs nephron-sparing surgery in patients with unilateral renal cell carcinoma and a normal contralateral kidney. Mayo Clin Proc. 2000; 75: 1236-1242.
  • 10
    McKiernan J,Simmons R,Katz J,Russo P. Natural history of chronic renal insufficiency after partial and radical nephrectomy. Urology. 2002; 59: 816-820.
  • 11
    Thompson RH,Boorjian SA,Lohse CM, et al. Radical nephrectomy for pT1a renal masses may be associated with decreased overall survival compared with partial nephrectomy. J Urol. 2008; 179: 468-471, discussion 472-473.
  • 12
    Ries LAG,Melbert D,Krapcho M, et al. SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2004, National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD. Based on November 2006 SEER data submission. Available at: Accessed January 2007.
  • 13
    Kelsey JL,Whittemore AS,Evans AS,Douglas Thompson WD. Methods in Observational Epidemiology. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
  • 14
    Antonelli A,Cozzoli A,Nicolai M, et al. Nephron-sparing surgery versus radical nephrectomy in the treatment of intracapsular renal cell carcinoma up to 7 cm. Eur Urol. 2008; 53: 803-809.
  • 15
    Gill IS,Aron M. Against the motion: open partial nephrectomy is the standard of care for small resectable solid renal masses. Eur Urol. 2007; 51: 562-564, discussion 564.
  • 16
    Kirkali Z. The motion: open partial nephrectomy is the standard of care for small resectable solid renal masses. Eur Urol. 2007; 51: 561-562, discussion 564.
  • 17
    Skolarikos A,Alivizatos G,Laguna P,de la Rosette J. A review on follow-up strategies for renal cell carcinoma after nephrectomy. Eur Urol. 2007; 51: 1490-1500, discussion 1501.
  • 18
    Ficarra V. Open radical nephrectomy versus open partial nephrectomy: is it still an issue? Eur Urol. 2007; 51: 593-595.
  • 19
    Hafez KS,Novick AC,Butler BP. Management of small solitary unilateral renal cell carcinomas: impact of central versus peripheral tumor location. J Urol. 1998; 159: 1156-1160.
  • 20
    Zini L,Patard JJ,Capitanio U, et al. The use of partial nephrectomy in European tertiary care centers. Eur J Surg Oncol. 2008 (in press).
  • 21
    Charlson M,Szatrowski TP,Peterson J,Gold J. Validation of a combined comorbidity index. J Clin Epidemiol. 1994; 47: 1245-1251.