SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    American Cancer Society. Cancer facts and figures for African Americans 2007-2008. Atlanta,Georgia: American Cancer Society; 2007. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/downloads/STT/CAFF2007AAacspdf2007.pdf
  • 2
    American Cancer Society. Cancer statistics 2008. Atlanta, Georgia: American Cancer Society; 2008.
  • 3
    Henschke CI, McCauley DI, Yankelevitz DF, et al. Early Lung Cancer Action Project: a summary of the findings on baseline screening. Oncologist. 2001; 6: 147-152.
  • 4
    Henschke CI, McCauley DI, Yankelevitz DF, et al. Early Lung Cancer Action Project: overall design and findings from baseline screening. Lancet. 1999; 354: 99-105.
  • 5
    Henschke CI, Naidich DP, Yankelevitz DF, et al. Early Lung Cancer Action Project: initial findings on repeat screenings. Cancer. 2001; 92: 153-159.
  • 6
    Non-small cell lung cancer. Fort Washington, PA: NCCN. org. Available at: http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_ gls/f_guidelines.asp?
  • 7
    Abidoye O, Ferguson MK, Salgia R. Lung carcinoma in African Americans. Nat Clin Pract Oncol. 2007; 4: 118-129.
  • 8
    Berger M, Lund MJ, Brawley OW. Racial disparities in lung cancer. Curr Probl Cancer. 2007; 31: 202-210.
  • 9
    Bach PB, Cramer LD, Warren JL, Begg CB. Racial differences in the treatment of early-stage lung cancer. N Engl J Med. 1999; 341: 1198-1205.
  • 10
    Greenwald HP, Polissar NL, Borgatta EF, McCorkle R, Goodman G. Social factors, treatment, and survival in early-stage non-small cell lung cancer. Am J Public Health. 1998; 88: 1681-164.
  • 11
    Neighbors CJ, Rogers ML, Shenassa ED, Sciamanna CN, Clark MA, Novak SP. Ethnic/racial disparities in hospital procedure volume for lung resection for lung cancer. Med Care. 2007; 45: 655-663.
  • 12
    Ramsey SD, Howlader N, Etzioni RD, Donato B. Chemotherapy use, outcomes, and costs for older persons with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: evidence from surveillance, epidemiology and end results-Medicare. J Clin Oncol. 2004; 22: 4971-498.
  • 13
    Flenaugh EL, Henriques-Forsythe MN. Lung cancer disparities in African Americans: health versus health care. Clin Chest Med. 2006; 27: 431-439, vi.
  • 14
    Earle CC, Venditti LN, Neumann PJ, et al. Who gets chemotherapy for metastatic lung cancer? Chest. 2000; 117: 1239-1246.
  • 15
    Mulligan CR, Meram AD, Proctor CD, Wu H, Zhu K, Marrogi AJ. Unlimited access to care: effect on racial disparity and prognostic factors in lung cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2006; 15: 25-31.
  • 16
    SEER program: Overview. Surveillance Research program. Bethesda, Maryland: National Cancer Institute: 2008. Available at: http://seer.cancer.gov/about/
  • 17
    Medicare information source. Medicare.gov. 2007. Available at: http://www.medicare.org/
  • 18
    U.S. Health Care Financing Administration, Practice Management Information Corporation. HCPCS 1994 National Level II Medicare codes: HCFA Common Procedure Coding system. Los Angeles, Calif: Practice Management Information Corp (PMIC); 1994.
  • 19
    World Health Organization, WHO Collaborating Centres for Classification of Diseases. International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems. 10th revised edition. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1992-1994.
  • 20
    Du X, Goodwin JS. Patterns of use of chemotherapy for breast cancer in older women: Findings from Medicare claims data. J Clin Oncol. 2001; 19: 1455-1461.
  • 21
    Warren JL, Harlan LC, Fahey A, et al. Utility of the SEER-Medicare data to identify chemotherapy use. Med Care. 2002; 40( ):8 suppl IV- 55-61.
  • 22
    National Cancer Institute. The SEER program code manual. rev. ed. Bethesda, MD.: Cancer Statistic Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institute of Health; 1994.
  • 23
    Du X, Freeman JL, Goodwin JS. Information on radiation treatment in patients with breast cancer: the advantages of the linked Medicare and SEER data. J Clin Epidemiol. 1999; 52: 463-470.
  • 24
    Klabunde CN, Potosky AL, Legler JM, Warren JL. Development of a comorbidity index using physician claims data. J Clin Epidemiol. 2000; 53: 1258-1267.
  • 25
    Charlson ME, Pompei P, Ales KL, MacKenzie CR. A new method of classifying prognostic comorbidity in longitudinal studies: development and validation. J Chronic Dis. 1987; 40: 373-383.
  • 26
    Deyo RA, Cherkin DC, Ciol MA. Adapting a clinical comorbidity index for use with ICD-9-CM administrative databases. J Clin Epidemiol. 1992; 45: 613-619.
  • 27
    Romano PS, Roos LL, Jollis JG. Adapting a clinical comorbidity index for use with ICD-9-CM administrative data: differing perspectives. J Clin Epidemiol. 1993; 46: 1075-1079.
  • 28
    Du XL, Fang S, Vernon SW, et al. Racial disparities and socioeconomic status in association with survival in a large population-based cohort of elderly patients with colon cancer. Cancer. 2007; 110: 660-669.
  • 29
    Lathan CS, Neville BA, Earle CC. The effect of race on invasive staging and surgery in non-small-cell lung cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2006; 24: 413-418.
  • 30
    Hayman JA, Abrahamse PH, Lakhani I, Earle CC, Katz SJ.. Use of palliative radiotherapy among patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2007; 69: 1001-1007.
  • 31
    McCann J, Artinian V, Duhaime L, Lewis JWJr, Kvale PA, DiGiovine B. Evaluation of the causes for racial disparity in surgical treatment of early stage lung cancer. Chest. 2005; 128: 3440-3446.
  • 32
    Rawaf MM, Kressin NR. Exploring racial and sociodemographic trends in physician behavior, physician trust and their association with blood pressure control. J Natl Med Assoc. 2007; 99: 1248-1254.
  • 33
    Byrd L, Fletcher A, Menifield C. Disparities in health care: minority elders at risk. ABNF J. 2007; 18: 51-55.
  • 34
    Margolis ML, Christie JD, Silvestri GA, Kaiser L, Santiago S, Hansen-Flaschen J. Racial differences pertaining to a belief about lung cancer surgery: results of a multicenter survey. Ann Intern Med. 2003; 139: 558-563.
  • 35
    True G, Phipps EJ, Braitman LE, Harralson T, Harris D, Tester W. Treatment preferences and advance care planning at end of life: the role of ethnicity and spiritual coping in cancer patients. Ann Behav Med. 2005; 30: 174-179.
  • 36
    Heron SL, Stettner E, Haley LLJr. Racial and ethnic disparities in the emergency department: a public health perspective. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2006; 24: 905-923.
  • 37
    Cheng EM, Siderowf AD, Swarztrauber K, et al. Disparities of care in veterans with Parkinson's disease. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2008; 14: 8-14.