• 1
    Rowland JH. Survivorship research: past, present, and future. In: GanzPA, ed. Cancer Survivorship: Today and Tomorrow. New York, NY: Springer; 2007: 28-42.
  • 2
    HewittM, GreenfieldS, StovallE, eds. From Cancer Patient to Cancer Survivor: Lost in Transition. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2006.
  • 3
    Stein KD, Syrjala KL, Andrykowski MA. Physical and psychological long-term and late effects of cancer. Cancer. 2008; 112( 11 suppl ): 2577-2592.
  • 4
    Rowland JH, Hewitt M, Ganz P. Cancer survivorship: a new challenge in delivering quality cancer care. J Clin Oncol. 2006; 24: 5101-5114.
  • 5
    Rowland JH, Yancik R. Cancer survivorship: the interface of aging, comorbidity and quality of life. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2006; 98: 504-505.
  • 6
    Sugimura H, Yang P. Long-term survivorship in lung cancer: a review. Chest. 2006; 129: 1088-1097.
  • 7
    Dow KH. Seventh National Conference on Cancer Nursing Research keynote address: challenges and opportunities in cancer survivorship research. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2003; 30: 455-469.
  • 8
    Fisher PS. Survivorship. Clin J Oncol Nurs. 2006; 10: 93-98.
  • 9
    Newsom JT, Knapp JE, Schultz R. Longitudinal analysis of specific domains of internal control and depressive symptoms in patients with recurrent cancer. Health Psychol. 1996; 15: 323-331.
  • 10
    Rose JH, O'Toole E, Einstadter D, Shenko C, Love T, Dawson N. Patient age, well-being, care perspectives and practices in the early treatment phase for late-stage cancer. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2008; 63: 960-968.
  • 11
    Brown JE, King MT, Butow PN, Dunn SM, Coates AS. Patterns over time in quality of life, coping and psychological adjustment in late stage melanoma patients: an application of multilevel models. Qual Life Res. 2000; 9: 75-85.
  • 12
    Rose JH, O'Toole EE, Dawson NV, et al. Perspectives, preferences, care practices and outcomes among older and middle-aged patients with late-stage cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2004; 22: 4907-4917.
  • 13
    Blank TO, Bellizzi KM. A gerontological perspective on cancer and aging: multiple trajectories, multiple influences, and differential outcomes. Cancer. 2008; 112: 2569-2576.
  • 14
    Barbareschi G, Sanderman R, Tuinstra J, van Sonderen E, Ranchor AV. A prospective study on educational level and adaptation to cancer, within 1 year after the diagnosis, in an older population. Psycho-Oncol. 2008; 17: 373-382.
  • 15
    Wardle J, McCaffery K, Nadel M, Atkin W. Socio-economic differences in cancer screening participation: comparing cognitive and psychosocial explanations. Soc Sci Med. 2004; 59: 249-261.
  • 16
    Rose JH, Radziewicz R, Bowman KF, O'Toole EE. A coping and communication support intervention tailored to older patients diagnosed with late stage cancer. Clin Interv Aging. 2008; 3: 77-95.
  • 17
    Jacobson PB, Donovan Z, Swaine Z, Watson I. Management of anxiety and depression in adult cancer patients: toward an evidence-based approach. In: ChangA, GanzP, HayesT, et al, eds. Oncology: An Evidence-Based Approach. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag; 2006: 1552-1579.
  • 18
    Massie MJ. Prevalence of depression in patients with cancer: a critical review. J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr. 2004; 32: 57-71.
  • 19
    Stark DPH, House A. Anxiety in cancer patients. Br J Cancer. 2000; 83: 1261-1267.
  • 20
    [No authors listed] NCCN practice guidelines for the management of psychosocial distress. National Comprehensive Cancer Network. Oncology (Williston Park). 1999; 13( 5A): 113-147.
  • 21
    National Comprehensive Cancer Network. Clinical practice guidelines in oncology: distress management v.1.2009. Available at: Accessed on November 30, 2008.
  • 22
    Brady MJ, Peterman AH, Fitchett G, Mo M, Cella D. A case for including spirituality in quality of life measurement in oncology. Psycho-Oncol. 1999; 8: 417-428.
  • 23
    Balboni TA, Vanderwerker LC, Block SD, et al. Religiousness and spiritual support among advanced cancer patients and associations with end-of-life treatment preferences and quality of life. J Clin Oncol. 2007; 25: 555-560.
  • 24
    Tarakeshwar N, Vanderwerker LC, Paulk ME, et al. Religious coping is associated with the quality of life of patients with advanced cancer. J Palliat Med. 2006; 9: 646-657.
  • 25
    National Consensus Project. Clinical Practice Guidelines for Palliative Care. Available at: Accessed December 20, 2008.
  • 26
    Farrell BR. Overview of the domains of variables relevant to end-of-life care. J Palliat Med. 2005; 8( suppl 1): S22-S29.
  • 27
    Lin HR, Bauer-Wu SM. Psycho-spiritual well-being in patients with advanced cancer: an integrative review of the literature. J Adv Nurs. 2003; 44: 69-80.
  • 28
    Keating N, Norrendam M, Landrum M, Huskamp H, Meara E. Physical and mental health status of older long-term cancer survivors. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2005; 53: 2145-2152.
  • 29
    Johnson KS, Kuchibhatla M, Tulsky JA. What explains racial differences in the use of advance directives and attitudes toward hospice care? J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008; 56: 1953-1958.
  • 30
    Institute of Medicine (IOM). Cancer Care for the Whole Patient: Meeting Psychosocial Health Needs. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2007.
  • 31
    Epstein RM, Street RL. Patient-Centered Communication in Cancer Care: Promoting Healing and Reducing Suffering. Bethesda, Md: National Cancer Institute; 2007.
  • 32
    Institute of Medicine/National Research Council (IOM/RRC). From Cancer Patient to Cancer Survivor: Lost in Transition. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2006.
  • 33
    Radziewicz R, Rose JH, Bowman KF, Berila R, Spuckler A, O'Toole EE. Establishing treatment fidelity in a coping and communication support telephone intervention for aging advanced cancer patients and their family caregivers. Cancer Nurs. 2009; 32: 193-202.
  • 34
    Shacham S. A shortened version of the Profile of Mood States. J Pers. 1983; 47: 305-306.
  • 35
    Peterman AH, Fitchett G, Brady MJ, Hernandez L, Cella D. Measuring spiritual well-being in people with cancer: the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy—Spiritual Well-being Scale (FACIT-Sp). Ann Behav Med. 2002; 24: 49-58.
  • 36
    Muthen B, Shedden K. Finite mixture modeling outcomes using the EM algorithm. Biometrics. 1999; 55: 463-469.
  • 37
    Muthen B, Muthen LK. Integrating person-centered and variable-centered analyses: growth mixture modeling with latent trajectory classes. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2000; 24: 882-891.
  • 38
    Magnusson, D. The logic and implications of a person-oriented approach. In: CairnsRB, BergmanR, KaganJ, eds. Methods and Models for Studying the Individual. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications; 1998: 33-64.
  • 39
    Muthen LK, Muthen BO. Mplus User's Guide, 5th ed. Los Angeles, Calif: Muthen & Muthen; 1998-2007.
  • 40
    Muthen B. Latent variable analysis: growth mixture modeling and related techniques or longitudinal data. In: KaplanD, ed. Handbook of Quantitative Methodology for the Social Sciences. Newbury Park, Calif: Sage Publications; 2004: 345-368.
  • 41
    Muthen B. Latent variable mixture modeling. In: MarcoulidesGA, SchumackerRE, eds. Advanced Structural Equation Modeling: New Developments and Techniques. Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum Associates; 2000: 1-33.
  • 42
    Hipp JR, Bauer DJ. Local solutions in the estimation of growth mixture models. Psychol Methods. 2006; 11: 36-53.
  • 43
    Nylund K, Asparouhov T, Muthen BO. Deciding on the number of classes in latent class analysis and growth mixture modeling: a Monte Carlo simulation study. Structural Equation Modeling. 2007; 14: 535-569.
  • 44
    Muthen L, Muthen B. Chi-square difference testing using the S-B scaled chi-square. Available at: Accessed December 3, 2008.
  • 45
    Blank TO, Bellizzi KM. After prostate cancer: predictors of well-being among long-term prostate cancer survivors. Cancer. 2006; 106: 2128-2135.
  • 46
    Blank TO, Bellizzi K, Murphy K, Ryan K. How do men “make sense” of their prostate cancer? Age and treatment factors [abstract]. Gerontologist. 2003; 43( special issue 1): 342-343.
  • 47
    Miller DL, Manne SL, Taylor K, Keates J, Dougherty J. Psychological distress and well-being in advanced cancer: the effects of optimism and coping. J Clin Psychol Med Settings. 1996; 3: 115-130.
  • 48
    Bellizzi KM. Expressions of generativity and post-traumatic growth in adult cancer survivors. Int J Aging Hum Dev. 2004; 58: 267-287.
  • 49
    Baltes PB, Baltes MM. Psychological perspectives on successful aging: the model of selective optimization with compensation. In: BaltesPB, BaltesMM, eds. Successful Aging: Perspectives From the Behavioral Sciences. Cambridge, Mass: Cambridge University Press; 1990: 1-34.
  • 50
    Baltes MM, Carstensen LL. Social-psychological theories and their applications to aging: from individual to collective. In: BengstonVL, SchaieKW, eds. Handbook of Theories of Aging. New York, NY: Springer Publishing; 1999: 209-226.