Hispanics have a unique cancer risk profile
Article first published online: 2 FEB 2010
Copyright © 2010 American Cancer Society
Volume 116, Issue 4, page 779, 15 February 2010
How to Cite
Printz, C. (2010), Hispanics have a unique cancer risk profile. Cancer, 116: 779. doi: 10.1002/cncr.24980
- Issue published online: 2 FEB 2010
- Article first published online: 2 FEB 2010
The largest, fastest growing, and youngest minority group in the nation requires a targeted approach to cancer prevention, according to a new report by the ACS.
Cancer Facts & Figures for Hispanics/Latinos 2009–2011 notes that this group is less likely than non-Hispanic whites to develop and die from all cancers combined as well as the 4 most common cancers (female breast, prostate, colorectal, and lung). However, they have higher rates of several cancers related to infections, including those of the stomach, liver, and cervix, and are more likely to have cancer detected at a later stage.
The report was first published in 2000 and is updated every 3 years. Among key findings in the latest report:
An estimated 98,900 new cancer cases will have been diagnosed in Hispanics in 2009, with prostate cancer and breast cancer the most commonly diagnosed cancers in men and women, respectively.
An estimated 18,800 Hispanics are expected to have died from cancer in 2009. Lung and colorectal cancer are the top 2 causes of cancer death among men, whereas breast and lung cancer are the top 2 in women.
Both cancer incidence and deaths decreased among Hispanics from 1997 through 2006. The incidence rate declined by 1.3% per year in men and 0.6% per year in women, compared with declines of 0.8% and 0.4%, respectively, in non-Hispanic white men and women. The death rate in Hispanics decreased by 2.2% per year in men and 1.2% per year in women, compared with decreases in non-Hispanic whites of 1.5% per year in men and 0.9% per year in women.
Hispanics are less likely to smoke and drink alcohol and are more likely to be poor and have fewer years of education. They are also more likely to lack health insurance.
“Many Hispanics face barriers to receiving adequate, affordable healthcare that likely have a significant impact on prevention, early detection, and treatment of cancer,” notes Vilma Cokkinides, PhD, ACS director for risk factor surveillance.