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Keywords:

  • tyrosine kinase;
  • c-Abl;
  • c-;
  • Kit;
  • imatinib mesylate;
  • pediatric oncology;
  • rhabdoid tumor

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Atypical teratoid/rhaboid tumors (AT/RTs) and extracranial malignant rhabdoid tumors are highly malignant neoplasms with a dismal prognosis. These tumors predominantly affect infants and targeted, adjuvant treatment approaches would be highly desirable.

METHODS:

In the current study, the authors investigated the expression and functional role of tyrosine kinases in 2 malignant rhabdoid tumor cell lines (A204 and G401) and in a series of 5 AT/RTs and 18 malignant rhabdoid tumors (13 rhabdoid tumors of the kidney and 5 extrarenal rhabdoid tumors).

RESULTS:

Both cell lines consistently expressed the tyrosine kinase c-Abl, which promoted proliferation as assessed by small interfering RNA knockdown. Blockage of c-Abl using the tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib resulted in reduced cellular growth in both cell lines. Furthermore, c-Abl was expressed in all rhabdoid tumors, whereas expression of platelet-derived growth factor receptor subtypes alpha and beta was infrequent and c-Kit expression was absent.

CONCLUSIONS:

The current data pointed toward a role for c-Abl in the biology of malignant rhabdoid tumors and provided a rationale for the investigation of tyrosine kinase inhibitors that target c-Abl for the treatment of these aggressive tumors. Cancer 2010. © 2010 American Cancer Society