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Keywords:

  • breast cancer;
  • CYP3A43;
  • polymorphism;
  • tumor grade

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

CYP3A enzymes, due to their role in the metabolism of steroid hormones, are suggested to affect carcinogenesis of hormone-related cancers. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the association between polymorphisms located in CYP3A43, breast cancer risk, and tumor characteristics.

METHODS:

A 3-plex matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry assay has been established for CYP3A43_74_delA (CYP3A43*2A), CYP3A43_1018_C>G (CYP3A43*3), and CYP3A43_1047_C>T (CYP3A43*1B) polymorphisms, and 1021 breast cancer cases and 1015 age-matched, population-based controls from the German GENICA collection have been genotyped.

RESULTS:

No differences in genotype frequencies between cases and controls were observed, indicating that CYP3A43_74_delA is not associated with breast cancer risk. Subgroup analyses showed an association between the CYP3A43_74_delA allele and high-grade tumors (odds ratio, 1.74; 95% confidence interval, 1.14-2.65 [P = .010 and Ptrend = .012]).

CONCLUSIONS:

The data support the notion that the CYP3A43_74_delA variant may result in decreased protein and/or activity levels, and this may further lead to increased hormone levels to promote tumor cell growth and hinder differentiation. Cancer 2010. © 2010 American Cancer Society.