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Keywords:

  • osteosarcoma;
  • chemotherapy;
  • bisphosphonates;
  • pamidronate;
  • limb-sparing surgery;
  • endoprosthetic reconstruction

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study evaluated the safety and feasibility of the addition of pamidronate to chemotherapy for treatment of osteosarcoma.

METHODS:

The authors treated 40 patients with osteosarcoma with cisplatin, doxorubicin, and methotrexate with the addition of pamidronate 2 mg/kg/dose (max dose 90 mg) monthly for 12 doses. Survival, event-free survival (EFS), and durability of orthopedic reconstruction were evaluated.

RESULTS:

For patients with localized disease, event-free survival (EFS) at 5 years was 72% and overall survival 93%. For patients with metastatic disease, EFS at 5 years was 45% and overall survival 64%. Toxicity was similar to patients treated with chemotherapy alone. Thirteen of 14 uncemented implants demonstrated successful osteointegration. Among allograft reconstructions, there were 2 graft failures, 4 delayed unions, and 6 successful grafts. Overall, 5 of 33 reconstructions failed. There were no stress fractures or growth disturbances.

CONCLUSIONS:

Pamidronate can be safely incorporated with chemotherapy for the treatment of osteosarcoma. It does not impair the efficacy of chemotherapy. Pamidronate may improve the durability of limb reconstruction. Cancer 2011. © 2010 American Cancer Society.