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Keywords:

  • seventh edition American Joint Committee on Cancer TNM staging system;
  • gastric cancer;
  • validation;
  • hybrid TNM staging system

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The seventh edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM classification for gastric cancer was published in 2010 and included major revisions. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the validity of the seventh edition TNM classification for gastric cancer based on an Asian population.

METHODS:

A total of 2916 gastric cancer patients who underwent R0 surgical resection from 1989 through 2008 in a single institute were included, and were analyzed according to the seventh edition of the TNM classification for validation.

RESULTS:

When adjusted using the seventh edition of the TNM classification, upstaging was observed in 771 patients (26.4%) and downstaging was observed in 178 patients (6.1%) compared with the sixth edition of the TNM classification. The relative risk (RR) of seventh edition pT classification was found to be increased with regular intensity compared with the sixth edition pT classification. The RR of seventh edition pN classification was found to be increased with irregular intensity compared with the sixth edition pN classification. In survival analysis, there were significant differences noted for each stage of disease, but only a marginal difference was demonstrated between stage IA and stage IB (P = .049). In the hybrid TNM classification, which combines the seventh edition pT classification and the sixth edition pN classification, both pT and pN classifications demonstrated a more ideal distribution of the RR, and 5-year survival rates also showed a significant difference for each stage (P<.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

The seventh edition of the TNM classification was considered valid based on the results of the current study. However, the hybrid TNM classification, comprised of a combination of the seventh edition pT classification and sixth edition pN classification, should be considered for the next edition. Cancer 2011. © 2011 American Cancer Society.