• 1
    Lance Armstrong Foundation, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Action Plan for Cancer Survivorship: Advancing Public Health Strategies. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2004.
  • 2
    Bowen DJ, Boehmer U. The lack of cancer surveillance data on sexual minorities and strategies for change. Cancer Causes and Control. 2007; 18: 343-349.
  • 3
    The President's Cancer Panel. Promoting Healthy Lifestyles: Policy, Program, and Personal Recommendations for Reducing Cancer Risk. Annual Report 2006-2007. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services; 2007.
  • 4
    Brown JP, Tracy JK. Lesbians and cancer: an overlooked health disparity. Cancer Causes Control. 2008; 19: 1009-1020.
  • 5
    Boehmer U, Bowen DJ. Examining factors linked to overweight and obesity in women of different sexual orientations. Prev Med. 2009; 48: 357-361.
  • 6
    Boehmer U, Bowen DJ, Bauer GR. Overweight and obesity in sexual minority women: evidence from population-based data. Am J Public Health. 2007; 97: 1134-1140.
  • 7
    Heck JE, Berthiller J, Vaccarella S, et al. Sexual behaviours and the risk of head and neck cancers: a pooled analysis in the International Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology (INHANCE) consortium. Int J Epidemiol. 2010; 39: 166-181.
  • 8
    Daling JR, Madeleine MM, Johnson LG, et al. Human papillomavirus, smoking, and sexual practices in the etiology of anal cancer. Cancer. 2004; 101: 270-280.
  • 9
    Hewitt M, Rowland J, Yancik R. Cancer survivors in the United States: age, health, and disability. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2003; 58: 82-91.
  • 10
    Yabroff KR, Lawrence WF, Clauser S, Davis WW, Brown ML. Burden of illness in cancer survivors: findings from a population-based national sample. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2004; 96: 1322-1330.
  • 11
    Rowland JH, Hewitt M, Ganz PA. Cancer survivorship: a new challenge in delivering quality cancer care. J Clin Oncol. 2006; 24: 5101-5104.
  • 12
    Hewitt M, Herdman R, Holland J. Meeting psychosocial needs of women with breast cancer. In: National Cancer Policy Board, Institute of Medicine, eds. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2004.
  • 13
    From Cancer Patient to Cancer Survivor: Lost in Transition. In: Hewitt M, Greenfield S, Stovall E, editors. Committee on Cancer Survivorship: Improving Care and Quality of Life, Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2005.
  • 14
    Kim Y, Given BA. Quality of life of family caregivers of cancer survivors. Cancer. 2008; 112( suppl 11): 2556-2568.
  • 15
    Lee S, Brown ER, Grant D, Belin TR, Brick JM. Exploring nonresponse bias in a health survey using neighborhood characteristics. Am J Public Health. 2009; 99: 1811-1817.
  • 16
    Chin-Hong PV, Palefsky JM. Human papillomavirus anogenital disease in HIV-infected individuals. Dermatol Ther. 2005; 18: 67-76.
  • 17
    Chin-Hong PV, Vittinghoff E, Cranston RD, et al. Age-related prevalence of anal cancer precursors in homosexual men: the EXPLORE study. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2005; 97: 896-905.
  • 18
    Chin-Hong PV, Vittinghoff E, Cranston RD, et al. Age-Specific prevalence of anal human papillomavirus infection in HIV-negative sexually active men who have sex with men: the EXPLORE study. J Infect Dis. 2004; 190: 2070-2076.
  • 19
    Cress RD, Holly EA. Incidence of anal cancer in California: increased incidence among men in San Francisco, 1973-1999. Prev Med. 2003; 36: 555-560.
  • 20
    Frisch M, Biggar RJ, Engels EA, Goedert JJ, for the AIDS-Cancer Match Registry Study Group. Association of cancer with AIDS-related immunosuppression in adults. JAMA. 2001; 285: 1736-1745.
  • 21
    Martro E, Esteve A, Schulz TF, et al. Risk factors for human herpesvirus 8 infection and AIDS-associated Kaposi's sarcoma among men who have sex with men in a European multicentre study. Int J Cancer. 2007; 120: 1129-1135.
  • 22
    Shiels MS, Goedert JJ, Moore R, Platz EA, Engels EA. Reduced risk of prostate cancer in U.S. men with AIDS. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2010; 19: 2910-2915.
  • 23
    US Cancer Statistics Working Group. United States Cancer Statistics: 1999-2006 Incidence and Mortality Web-based Report. 2010. Available at: <> Accessed July 7, 2010.
  • 24
    Hofer B, Bates J, McCusker M, Nasseri K, Cress R, Snipes K. Cervical Cancer in California, 2008. Sacramento, CA: California Department of Public Health, Cancer Surveillance Section; 2008.
  • 25
    Hewitt M, Breen N, Devesa S. Cancer prevalence and survivorship issues: analyses of the 1992 National Health Interview Survey. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1999; 91: 1480-1486.
  • 26
    Black D, Gates G, Sanders S, Taylor L. Demographics of the gay and lesbian populations in the United States: evidence from available systematic data sources. Demography. 2000; 37: 139-154.