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Keywords:

  • c-Cbl;
  • proliferation;
  • migration;
  • metastasis;
  • gene therapy

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Casitas B-lineage lymphoma (Cbl) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase of many tyrosine kinase receptors. The authors previously detected c-Cbl mutation and low protein expression in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Therefore, it was hypothesized that overexpression of wild-type c-Cbl (c-Cbl WT) exhibits tumor growth inhibition.

METHODS:

Wound healing and transwell assays were conducted to examine cell motility after c-Cbl WT transfection in NSCLC cell lines. The cell cycle was investigated by flow cytometry. A549 and H1299-Luc c-Cbl WT-transfected xenografts and experimental metastasis models were performed to investigate tumor growth and metastasis inhibition in vivo.

RESULTS:

Wound healing and transwell assays demonstrated inhibition of migration in the A549 and H226br cells 4 to 24 hours after transfection. Ectopic c-Cbl WT expression was found to reduce cell proliferation at 48 hours in A549 cells. It is important to note that A549 and H1299-Luc cells with ectopic c-Cbl WT expression demonstrated inhibition of tumor growth in vivo. A549 cells overexpressing c-Cbl WT inhibited tumor metastasis in animal models.

CONCLUSIONS:

To the best of the authors' knowledge, the current study is the first to demonstrate that c-Cbl WT protein overexpression inhibits tumor metastasis and tumor growth in lung cancer xenograft models. These results provide evidence that ectopic expression of c-Cbl WT protein can be potentially applied as targeted therapy for the treatment of lung cancer. Cancer 2011;. © 2011 American Cancer Society.