Growing evidence suggests that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway genes play an important role in bladder cancer etiology. However, only a limited number of genes and variations in this pathway have been evaluated to date.
In this study, the authors applied a comprehensive pathway-based approach to assess the effects of 207 tagging and potentially functional SNPs in 26 NER genes on bladder cancer risk using a large case-control study that included 803 bladder cancer cases and 803 controls.
In total, 17 SNPs were associated significantly with altered bladder cancer risk (P < .05), of which, 7 SNPs retained noteworthiness after they were assessed with a Bayesian approach for the probability of false discovery. The most noteworthy SNP was reference SNP 11132186 (rs11132186) in the inhibitor of growth family, member 2 (ING2) gene. Compared with the major allele-containing genotypes, the odds ratio was 0.52 (95% confidence interval, 0.32-0.83; P = .005) for the homozygous variant genotype. Three additional ING2 variants also exhibited significant associations with bladder cancer risk. Significant gene-smoking interactions were observed for 3 of the top 17 SNPs. Furthermore, through an exploratory classification and regression tree (CART) analysis, potential gene-gene interactions were identified.
In this a large association study of the NER pathway and the risk of bladder cancer, several novel predisposition variants were identified along with potential gene-gene and gene-environment interactions in modulating bladder cancer risk. The results reinforce the importance of a comprehensive, pathway-focused, and tagging SNP-based candidate gene approach to identify low-penetrance cancer susceptibility loci. Cancer 2012;. © 2011 American Cancer Society.