A prospective phase 2 study of surgery followed by chemotherapy and radiation for superior sulcus tumors

Authors


Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The optimal treatment for locally advanced superior sulcus tumors is not clear. The authors report long-term results of a trial examining the safety and efficacy of surgery followed by concurrent chemoradiation therapy for this disease.

METHODS:

Thirty-two patients with resectable or marginally resectable superior sulcus tumors at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center from 1994 to 2010 were enrolled in a prospective trial. Surgery involved segmentectomy or lobectomy with en bloc resection of the involved chest wall and complete nodal staging; radiation therapy (RT) began 14 to 42 days later to a dose of 60 grays (Gy) in 50 1.2-Gy fractions if surgical margins were negative or 64.8 Gy in 54 1.2-Gy fractions if margins were positive. Two cycles of etoposide (50 mg/m2) and cisplatin (50 mg/m2) were given during RT, and another 3 cycles were given after RT. Eleven patients underwent prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI).

RESULTS:

The protocol completion rate was 78%. Gross total resection was accomplished in all 32 patients; 28% underwent R1 resection. Operative mortality was 0%. The most common surgical complication was postoperative pneumonia (25%). At a median follow-up time of 53.4 months (range, 2-154 months), the 2-year, 5-year, and 10-year rates of locoregional control were 84%, 76%, and 76%; distant metastasis-free survival, 52%, 48%, and 48%; disease-free survival, 49%, 45%, and 45%; and overall survival, 72%, 50%, and 45%, respectively. The brain was the most common site of distant failure (n = 5), but no patient who received PCI experienced brain metastasis.

CONCLUSIONS:

Surgery followed by postoperative chemoradiation is safe and effective for the treatment of marginally resectable superior sulcus tumors. Cancer 2011;. © 2011 American Cancer Society.

Ancillary