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Patterns of care and treatment outcomes for elderly women with cervical cancer
Article first published online: 28 OCT 2011
Copyright © 2011 American Cancer Society
Volume 118, Issue 14, pages 3618–3626, 15 July 2012
How to Cite
Sharma, C., Deutsch, I., Horowitz, D. P., Hershman, D. L., Lewin, S. N., Lu, Y.-S., Neugut, A. I., Herzog, T. J., Chao, C. K. and Wright, J. D. (2012), Patterns of care and treatment outcomes for elderly women with cervical cancer. Cancer, 118: 3618–3626. doi: 10.1002/cncr.26589
- Issue published online: 2 JUL 2012
- Article first published online: 28 OCT 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 AUG 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 16 AUG 2011
- Manuscript Received: 13 JUL 2011
- cervical cancer;
- cervical carcinoma;
- radical hysterectomy
Cervical cancer is common in the elderly. The authors examined the patterns of care, treatment, and outcomes of elderly women with cervical cancer.
Women with cervical cancer diagnosed between 1988 and 2005 and registered in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database were analyzed. Patients were stratified by age: <50, 50 to 59, 60 to 69, 70 to 79, and ≥80 years. Multivariate logistic regression models were constructed to examine treatment; cancer-specific survival was examined using Cox proportional hazards models.
A total of 28,902 women were identified, including 2543 women 70 to 79 years old and 1364 ≥80 years. For women with early stage (IB1-IIA) tumors, primary surgery was performed in 82.0% of women <50 years old compared with 54.5% of those 70 to 79 years old and 33.2% of those ≥80 years old (P < .0001). For women treated surgically, lymphadenectomy was performed in 66.8% of women <50 years old versus 9.1% of patients ≥80 years old (P < .0001). Compared with patients <50 years old, those >80 years old were less likely to undergo radical hysterectomy (odds ratio [OR], 0.10; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.07-0.14) and lymphadenectomy (OR, 0.11; 95% CI, 0.08-0.16) and to receive adjuvant radiation therapy (OR, 0.06; 95% CI, 0.01-0.35). Among women with stage IIB-IVA disease, use of brachytherapy declined with age (P < .0001). For women with stage IB1-IIA tumors, the hazard ratio for death from cancer was 1.35 (95% CI, 1.16-1.58) for women 70 to 79 years old and 2.08 (95% CI, 1.72-2.48) for those ≥80 years old compared with younger women.
Elderly women with cervical cancer are less likely to undergo surgery, receive adjuvant radiation, and receive brachytherapy. After adjusting for treatment disparities, cancer-specific mortality is higher in older women. Cancer 2012;3618–3626. © 2011 American Cancer Society.