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Gain of chromosome 8q is associated with metastases and poor survival of patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma
Article first published online: 17 MAY 2012
Copyright © 2012 American Cancer Society
Volume 118, Issue 23, pages 5777–5782, 1 December 2012
How to Cite
Klatte, T., Kroeger, N., Rampersaud, E. N., Birkhäuser, F. D., Logan, J. E., Sonn, G., Riss, J., Rao, P. N., Kabbinavar, F. F., Belldegrun, A. S. and Pantuck, A. J. (2012), Gain of chromosome 8q is associated with metastases and poor survival of patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Cancer, 118: 5777–5782. doi: 10.1002/cncr.27607
- Issue published online: 19 NOV 2012
- Article first published online: 17 MAY 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 20 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 1 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Received: 9 JAN 2012
- mitogen-activated protein kinase;
- kidney cancer
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of chromosome 8q gain in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) and to correlate the findings with tumor phenotype and disease-specific survival (DSS).
The tumor karyotypes of 336 consecutive patients with CCRCC were prospectively evaluated with classical cytogenetic analysis. Chromosome 8q status was correlated with clinicopathological variables, and its impact on DSS was evaluated.
Gain of 8q occurred in 28 tumors (8.3%). Gain of 8q was associated with a higher risk of regional lymph node (21.4% vs 6.2%, P = .011) and distant metastases (50.0% vs 24.4%, P = .006), and greater tumor sizes (P = .030). Patients with gain of 8q had a 3.22-fold increased risk of death from CCRCC (P < .001). In multivariable analysis, gain of 8q was identified as an independent prognostic factor (hazard ratio, 2.37; P = .006). The concordance index of a multivariable base model increased significantly following inclusion of 8q gain (P = .0015).
Gain of chromosome 8q occurs in a subset of CCRCCs and is associated with an increased risk of metastases and death from CCRCC. Because the proto-oncogene c-MYC is among the list of candidate genes located on 8q, our data suggest that these tumors may have unique pathways activated, which are associated with an aggressive tumor phenotype. If confirmed, defining tumors with gain of 8q may assist in identifying patients who would benefit for specific c-MYC inhibitors or agents that target the MAPK/ERK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) pathway. Cancer 2012. © 2012 American Cancer Society.