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Keywords:

  • phase 1;
  • SN38;
  • camptothecins;
  • topoisomerase I;
  • EZN-2208

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

EZN-2208 is a water-soluble, polyethylene glycol drug conjugate of SN38, which is the active moiety of irinotecan. In this study, the authors evaluated the tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), and activity of EZN-2208 in adult patients with advanced solid tumors.

METHODS:

Patients in sequential cohorts (3 + 3 design) received intravenous EZN-2208 at doses between 1.25 mg/m2 and 25 mg/m2 once every 21 days.

RESULTS:

Thirty-nine patients received EZN-2208. The median number of prior therapies was 2 (range, 0-10 prior therapies). Seventeen patients received prior irinotecan. Two maximum tolerated doses (MTDs) were defined: EZN-2208 with (16.5 mg/m2) and without (10 mg/m2) granulocyte-colony–stimulating factor (G-CSF). The dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was febrile neutropenia. Two of 19 patients who were heterozygous for a polymorphism in the uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase 1 family, polypeptide A1 (UGT1A1) gene (UGT1A1*28) developed DLTs (dose, 25 mg/m2 with G-CSF), and 2 patients who were homozygous for UGT1A1*28 were treated without DLTs (dose, 5 mg/m2). PK analysis indicated a mean terminal half-life of 19.4 ± 3.4 hours. Sixteen patients (41%) achieved stable disease, including 6 of 39 patients (15%) who had stable disease that lasted ≥4 months. One patient with cholangiocarcinoma (no prior irinotecan) achieved a short-lived 32% tumor regression. Among 6 patients who had stable disease that lasted for ≥4 months, 3 had received prior irinotecan, and 1 had KRAS-positive colorectal cancer.

CONCLUSIONS:

EZN-2208 was well tolerated and produced stable disease that lasted for ≥4 months/unconfirmed partial responses in 7 of 39 heavily pretreated patients (18%) with advanced solid tumors, including those who had failed prior irinotecan therapy. Cancer 2012. © 2012 American Cancer Society.