In patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), testing for fms-like tyrosine kinase-3 (FLT3)–internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD) and nucleophosmin-1 (NPM1) mutations can allow for further prognostic subclassification, but less is known about the effects of FLT3-ITD allele burden and presenting white blood cell count (WBC) within molecular subgroups.
The authors retrospectively assessed 206 adult patients who had AML with an intermediate-risk karyotype and who received treatment on a uniform induction and consolidation chemotherapy regimen.
The presenting WBC was a prognostic factor for survival only in patients who had an FLT3-ITD mutation. On multivariate analysis, after correcting for age, WBC, secondary AML, and blast percentage, nucleophosmin-1 (NPM1)-mutated/FLT3-ITD–negative patients had superior overall survival compared with patients in the other molecular subgroups. Patients who had FLT3-ITD mutations had an inferior overall survival compared with patients who had NPM1 wild-type/FLT3-negative disease, and patients who had low or intermediate levels of the FLT-ITD of mutant allele had overall and disease-free survival similar to those in patients who had high-level mutations.
NPM1 and FLT3-ITD status, age, WBC, and secondary AML were identified as important prognostic variables that can help to risk stratify patients with AML who have intermediate-risk cytogenetics. FLT3 allele burden had no significant influence on outcomes after correcting for other variables. Cancer 2012. © 2012 American Cancer Society.