SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • palliation;
  • image-guided;
  • cryoablation;
  • metastases;
  • skeletal

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study sought to describe the results of a single-arm multicenter clinical trial using image-guided percutaneous cryoablation for the palliation of painful metastatic tumors involving bone.

METHODS:

Over a 44-month period, 61 adult patients with 1 or 2 painful bone metastases with a score of 4 or more on a scale of 0 to 10 (≥4/10) worst pain in a 24-hour period who had failed or refused conventional treatment were treated with percutaneous image-guided cryoablation. Patient pain and quality of life was measured using the Brief Pain Inventory prior to treatment, 1 and 4 days after the procedure, weekly for 4 weeks, and every 2 weeks thereafter for a total of 6 months. Patient analgesic use was also recorded at these same follow-up intervals. Complications were monitored. Analysis of the primary endpoint was undertaken via paired comparison procedures.

RESULTS:

A total of 69 treated tumors ranged in size from 1 to 11 cm. Prior to cryoablation, the mean score for worst pain in a 24-hour period was 7.1/10 with a range of 4/10 to 10/10. At 1, 4, 8, and 24 weeks after treatment, the mean score for worst pain in a 24-hour period decreased to 5.1/10 (P < .0001), 4.0/10 (P < .0001), 3.6/10 (P < .0001), and 1.4/10 (P < .0001), respectively. One of 61 (2%) patients had a major complication with osteomyelitis at the site of ablation.

CONCLUSIONS:

Percutaneous cryoablation is a safe, effective, and durable method for palliation of pain due to metastatic disease involving bone. Cancer 2013. © 2012 American Cancer Society.