The clinical utility of modern hybrid imaging modalities for detecting recurrent bone or soft tissue sarcoma remains to be determined. In this report, the authors present a clinical study on the diagnostic accuracy and incremental value of integrated 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) in patients with a history of sarcoma who have clinically suspected disease recurrence.
Forty-three patients who had a history of bone or soft tissue sarcoma and had documented complete remission underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT. Image analysis was performed independently for 18F-FDG PET (n = 43) and for contrast-enhanced spiral CT (CE-CT) (n = 30) by 2 separate readers, whereas combined 18F-FDG PET/CT (n = 43) images were analyzed in consensus by both readers. Imaging findings were rated on a 5-point scale and finally were reported as malignant, benign, or equivocal. Imaging findings were validated either by histopathology (n = 24) or by clinical follow-up (n = 19).
18F-FDG PET/CT had greater sensitivity and specificity compared with CE-CT alone (94% and 92% vs 78% and 67%, respectively), resulting in significantly greater accuracy (93% vs 73%; P = .03). 18F-FDG PET/CT was particularly superior regarding detection of local recurrence or soft tissue lesions (sensitivity and specificity: 83% and 100% vs 50% and 100%, respectively) or bone metastases (100% and 100% vs 85% and 88%, respectively).
18F-FDG PET/CT had greater diagnostic accuracy in the detection of recurrent bone or soft tissue sarcoma compared with CE-CT alone. The detection of local recurrence was the most evident advantage of 18F-FDG PET/CT over CE-CT. Cancer 2013. © 2012 American Cancer Society.