Hospital volume is associated with survival but not multimodality therapy in Medicare patients with advanced head and neck cancer
Article first published online: 1 MAR 2013
Copyright © 2013 American Cancer Society
Volume 119, Issue 10, pages 1845–1852, 15 May 2013
How to Cite
Sharma, A., Schwartz, S. M. and Méndez, E. (2013), Hospital volume is associated with survival but not multimodality therapy in Medicare patients with advanced head and neck cancer. Cancer, 119: 1845–1852. doi: 10.1002/cncr.27976
- Issue published online: 6 MAY 2013
- Article first published online: 1 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 20 NOV 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 23 OCT 2012
- Manuscript Received: 2 MAY 2012
- head and neck neoplasms;
Given the complexity of management of advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), this study hypothesized that high hospital volume would be associated with receiving National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guideline therapy and improved survival in patients with advanced HNSCC.
The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare database was used to identify patients with advanced HNSCC. Treatment modalities and survival were determined using Medicare data. Hospital volume was determined by the number of patients with HNSCC treated at each hospital.
There were 1195 patients with advanced HNSCC who met inclusion criteria. In multivariable analyses, high hospital volume was not associated with receiving multimodality therapy per NCCN guidelines (odds ratio = 1.02, 95% confidence interval = 0.66-1.60), but showed a nearly significant inverse association with survival in a model adjusted for National Cancer Institute–designated cancer center status, age, sex, race, socioeconomic status, marital status, comorbidity, year of diagnosis, tumor site, and tumor stage (hazard ratio = 0.85, 95% confidence interval = 0.69-1.04).
Medicare patients with advanced HNSCC treated at high-volume hospitals were not more likely to receive NCCN guideline therapy, but had nearly statistically significant better survival, when compared with patients treated at low-volume hospitals. These results suggest that features of high-volume hospitals other than delivery of NCCN guideline therapy influence survival. Cancer 2013. © 2013 American Cancer Society.