• 1
    Jemal A, Bray F, Center MM, Ferlay J, Ward E, Forman D. Global cancer statistics. CA Cancer J Clin. 2011; 61: 69-90.
  • 2
    Linda DF. Benign and malignant tumors of the liver. In: Robert DO, Goldblum JR, eds. Surgical Pathology of the GI Tract, Liver, Biliary Tract, and Pancreas. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: W.B. Saunders, 2009: 1291-325.
  • 3
    el-Serag HB. Epidemiology of hepatocellular carcinoma. Clin Liver Dis 2001; 5: 87-107.
  • 4
    Wee A. Fine needle aspiration biopsy of the liver: algorithmic approach and current issues in the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma. Cytojournal. 2005; 2: 7.
  • 5
    Wee A. Fine needle aspiration biopsy of hepatocellular carcinoma and hepatocellular nodular lesions: role, controversies and approach to diagnosis. Cytopathology. 2011; 22: 287-305.
  • 6
    Niemann TH, Hughes JH, De Young BR. MOC-31 aids in the differentiation of metastatic adenocarcinoma from hepatocellular carcinoma. Cancer. 1999; 87: 295-298.
  • 7
    Onofre AS, Pomjanski N, Buckstegge B, Bocking A. Immunocytochemical diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma and identification of carcinomas of unknown primary metastatic to the liver on fine-needle aspiration cytologies. Cancer. 2007; 111: 259-268.
  • 8
    Nassar A, Cohen C, Siddiqui MT. Utility of glypican-3 and survivin in differentiating hepatocellular carcinoma from benign and preneoplastic hepatic lesions and metastatic carcinomas in liver fine-needle aspiration biopsies. Diagnostic Cytopathology. 2009; 37: 629-635.
  • 9
    Zimmerman RL, Burke MA, Young NA, Solomides CC, Bibbo M. Diagnostic value of hepatocyte paraffin 1 antibody to discriminate hepatocellular carcinoma from metastatic carcinoma in fine-needle aspiration biopsies of the liver. Cancer. 2001; 93: 288-291.
  • 10
    Zhu ZW, Friess H, Wang L, et al. Enhanced glypican-3 expression differentiates the majority of hepatocellular carcinomas from benign hepatic disorders. Gut. 2001; 48: 558-564.
  • 11
    Yan BC, Gong C, Song J, et al. Arginase-1: a new immunohistochemical marker of hepatocytes and hepatocellular neoplasms. Am J Surg Pathol. 2010; 34: 1147-1154.
  • 12
    Sternberg SS, Mills SE, Carter D. Sternberg's Diagnostic Surgical Pathology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2010.
  • 13
    Ceyhan K, Kupana SA, Bektas M, et al. The diagnostic value of on-site cytopathological evaluation and cell block preparation in fine-needle aspiration cytology of liver masses. Cytopathology. 2006; 17: 267-274.
  • 14
    Choi S, Park C, Ahn M, Lee JH, Shin T. Immunohistochemical study of arginase 1 and 2 in various tissues of rats [published online ahead of print October 3, 2010]. Acta Histochem. doi:10.1016/j.acthis.2011.09.002.