K.-A. Dorph-Petersen and J.N. Pierri contributed equally to this work.
Stereological analysis of the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus in schizophrenia: Volume, neuron number, and cell types
Version of Record online: 29 MAR 2004
Copyright © 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Journal of Comparative Neurology
Volume 472, Issue 4, pages 449–462, 10 May 2004
How to Cite
Dorph-Petersen, K.-A., Pierri, J. N., Sun, Z., Sampson, A. R. and Lewis, D. A. (2004), Stereological analysis of the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus in schizophrenia: Volume, neuron number, and cell types. J. Comp. Neurol., 472: 449–462. doi: 10.1002/cne.20055
- Issue online: 29 MAR 2004
- Version of Record online: 29 MAR 2004
- Manuscript Accepted: 26 DEC 2003
- Manuscript Revised: 21 DEC 2003
- Manuscript Received: 19 AUG 2003
- Danish Medical Research Council
- National Institutes of Health. Grant Numbers: MH01945, MH43784, MH45156, MH60473
- cynomolgus monkeys;
The mediodorsal thalamic nucleus (MD) is the principal relay nucleus for the prefrontal cortex, a brain region thought to be dysfunctional in schizophrenia. Several, but not all, postmortem studies of the MD in schizophrenia have reported decreased volume and total neuronal number. However, it is not clear whether the findings are specific for schizophrenia nor is it known which subtypes of thalamic neurons are affected. We studied the left MD in 11 subjects with schizophrenia, 9 control subjects, and 12 subjects with mood disorders. Based on morphological criteria, we divided the neurons into two subclasses, presumably corresponding to projection neurons and local circuit neurons. We estimated MD volume and the neuron number of each subclass using methods based on modern unbiased stereological principles. We also estimated the somal volumes of each subclass using a robust, but biased, approach. In addition, we investigated the left MD in four cynomolgus monkeys chronically exposed to haloperidol and in four control monkeys in order to assess the possible effects of antipsychotic medications. The three human subject groups did not differ in any of the measures. In addition, no differences were observed between the two groups of monkeys. Thus, these findings do not support the hypothesis that the MD is a locus of pathology in schizophrenia, although they cannot rule out important functional or structural changes in parameters not measured. Like other studies, this investigation is subject to the limitations involved in sampling from a heterogeneous population emphasizing the need to continue to improve the application of robust, unbiased techniques to quantitative studies of this complex brain disorder. J. Comp. Neurol. 472:449–462, 2004. © 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.